Submitted to: National Soybean Rust Symposium
Publication Type: Abstract only
Publication Acceptance Date: 11/10/2009
Publication Date: 12/9/2009
Citation: Srivastava, P., Walker, D.R., George, S., Marois, J., Wright, D. 2009. Evaluations of Soybean Germplasm Accessions and F5 Recombinant Inbred Lines for Resistance to Phakopsora pachyrhizi [abstract]. In: Proceedings of the National Soybean Rust Symposium, December 9-11, 2009, New Orleans, LA. p. 19. Interpretive Summary:
Technical Abstract: One of the most important constraints to soybean production in some parts of the world is soybean rust, caused by Phakopsora pachyrhizi. The lack of high yielding cultivars with high levels of resistance to the pathogen has prompted a search for novel sources of resistance. Twenty-six soybean germplasm accessions were evaluated for resistance in the greenhouse. Two weeks after inoculation with soybean rust disease severity was determined. Accessions PI 417089B (MG IX), PI 459025B (Rpp4; MG VIII) and PI 612157 (MG VIII) were found to have more than 50% disease severity, whereas PI 567104B, PI 615437, PI 605773, PI 615437, PI 605773 and PI 567090 showed greater resistance to a 2008 P. pachyrhizi isolate from Quincy, FL. Significant differences in disease severity were observed among the 26 accessions. Soybean lines from three F5 recombinant inbred line (RIL) populations were also rated for resistance to natural rust infection in the field in 2008 in Quincy. F5:6 progenies from subsets of susceptible and resistant lines from each population were selected for evaluation in the greenhouse to compare their responses to those observed in the field. Significant differences in rust severity and sporulation between the field and greenhouse were observed among lines from the three F5 derived RIL populations. Discrepancies between the field and greenhouse ratings may be indicative of a difference in the genetic composition of the P. pachyrhizi populations or in differences between the reactions of seedlings and adult plants.