Skip to main content
ARS Home » Plains Area » Fargo, North Dakota » Edward T. Schafer Agricultural Research Center » Food Animal Metabolism Research » Research » Publications at this Location » Publication #244625

Title: Analytical Method for the Determination of Chlorate in Animal Matrices

item Smith, David
item Taylor, Joshua - Bret
item BAHNSON, PETER - University Of Wisconsin

Submitted to: American Chemical Society National Meeting
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: 5/12/2009
Publication Date: 8/16/2009
Citation: Smith, D.J., Taylor, J.B., Bahnson, P. 2009. Analytical Method for the Determination of Chlorate in Animal Matrices. In: Program of American Chemical Society National Meeting and Exposition, August 16-20, 2009, Washington, D.C. Program Vol. 77, Abstract #42, page 96-97.

Interpretive Summary:

Technical Abstract: Contamination of meat products with gram-negative enteric pathogens contribute to over 1.5 million food borne illnesses each year. Recent studies have demonstrated 2-3 log unit reductions in numbers of E. coli O157:H7 and(or) Salmonella in food animals dosed with an experimental chlorate-containing product. Sensitive and specific analytical methods for chlorate in food animal tissues or in gastrointestinal fluids do not exist, but would be useful. To this end, an analytical method specific for chlorate in animal matrices was developed. The method involves fortification of samples with 18O-chlorate internal standard, extraction of chlorate in water, solid-phase extraction cleanup of the aqueous phase, dilution with water, and analysis by LC-MS-MS using either triple-quadrapole or quadrapole-time-of-flight detection. Across 3 analysts, recoveries of chlorate in fortified swine feces and sheep serum (51 to 2500 ng/g) ranged from 99 to 110% and 95 to 104%, respectively. Blank matrices showed no significant interferences. Analyses of gastrointestinal tissues from hogs dosed with chlorate salts were highly repeatable.