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ARS Home » Midwest Area » West Lafayette, Indiana » National Soil Erosion Research Laboratory » Research » Publications at this Location » Publication #224815

Title: A Chemical Treatment to Reduce P Desorption From Manure Exposed Fluvial Sediments

item Smith, Douglas
item Huang, Chi Hua

Submitted to: Soil Science Society of America Annual Meeting
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: 8/1/2008
Publication Date: 10/5/2008
Citation: Armstrong, S., Smith, D.R., Owens, P.R., Joern, B.C., Huang, C. 2008. A Chemical Treatment to Reduce P Desorption From Manure Exposed Fluvial Sediments [abstract]. 2008 Joint Annual Meeting Soil Science Society of Agronomy to be held in October 5-9, 2008, Houston, Texas. 2008 CDROM.

Interpretive Summary:

Technical Abstract: The current remediation methods for manure spills that have reached surface waters give no attention to the P enriched ditch sediments that remain in the fluvial system and continue to impair the water column. Consequently, no method exists to treat P contaminated sediments to reduce their ability to be a P source to the overlying water column. Therefore, the objectives of this study were to determine the impact of a manure spill on sediment adsorption properties and to evaluate the effectiveness of chemically treating manure exposed sediments. These objectives were accomplished using mini-flumes packed with sediment that received the following treatments: (1) no manure and no treatment; (2) manure spill without treating sediment; (3) manure spill followed by 1:1 molar ratio (Al:P) application of aluminum sulfate (alum); and (4) manure spill followed by 2:1 molar ratio (Al:P) application of alum. Phosphorus desorption was monitored using a 24 hr circulation of P free water. Clayey and sandy untreated sediments desorbed 0.09 and 0.23 mg P L-1 within the 24 hour desorption period, respectively. However, treating sediments with a 2:1 application rate of alum and CaCO3 reduced P desorption to soluble P concentrations near background concentrations recorded before the spill occurred. This study suggests that when a manure spill reaches surface waters, sediment P accumulation does occur and untreated sediments become a source of P to the overlying water column. However, treating sediments following a manure spill mitigates P desorption.