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ARS Home » Midwest Area » Ames, Iowa » National Laboratory for Agriculture and The Environment » Agroecosystems Management Research » Research » Publications at this Location » Publication #201345

Title: Automated Method for Analysis of 18 Odorants in Swine Manure

item Trabue, Steven - Steve
item Scoggin, Kenwood
item Schiller, Jonathon

Submitted to: ASA-CSSA-SSSA Annual Meeting Abstracts
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: 11/16/2006
Publication Date: 11/16/2006
Citation: Trabue, S.L., Scoggin, K.D., Schiller, J.R. 2006. Automated Method for Analysis of 18 Odorants in Swine Manure [abstract]. American Society of Agronomy Annual Meeting. Abstract No. 146-3.

Interpretive Summary:

Technical Abstract: Air quality in rural communities is potentially impacted by waste products from animal production facilities. Determining the types and levels of odorants in waste material is needed if proper odor abatement strategies are to be developed. However, analysis of waste material is difficult and tedious given the sample matrix of animal waste. A rapid automated method for the determination of 18 odorants in swine manure was developed using a multipurpose sampler (MPS) with solid phase microextraction (SPME) and GC-FID analysis. The extraction conditions such as extraction mode (i.e., liquid or headspace), pH, salt addition, extraction temperature, sample volume, and extraction time were examined. The MPS was used to control both the extraction temperature and extraction time. Manure samples (1-10 mL) were centrifuged and pH (pH approximately 2) and salt (0-40% w/w ) adjusted prior to incubation on the MPS. The MPS incubated manure extracts (10-25 min) at elevated temperatures (25-100 degrees C) and extracted time (0.5-180 min) prior to analysis by GC-FID. Critical factors lowering the limit of quantitation included temperature of incubation, salt content, and pH, while critical factors improving the robustness of the method include extraction times, pH, and salt content. The factors controlling speed of analysis include incubation time and initial GC column starting temperature. Fiber degradation was strongly influenced by incubation temperature and final pH of manure. Calibration of the SPME fiber was preformed by both external standards and standard addition given similar results. This study describes a rapid automated sampling methodology for common odors from animal waste.