|Anderson, William - Bill|
|Morrison Iii, Wiley|
Submitted to: Meeting Abstract
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: 12/9/2004
Publication Date: 4/30/2005
Citation: Anderson, W.F., Akin, D.E., Himmelsbach, D.S., Morrison Iii, W.H., Bransby, D. 2005. Potential perennial biomass feedstocks for southern united states. Meeting Abstract.
Interpretive Summary: not required
Technical Abstract: The majority of the research on lignocellulosic crop biomass for biofuels has been centered on corn stover and switchgrass (Panicum virgatum L). However, diverse farm practices and subtropical climates of the Southern Coastal Plains of the United States make it more conducive to other biomass feedstocks such as perennial forage and bunch grasses. This talk will review the present data and potential of these grasses for production and use as fuel, fiber and soil/water remediation tools. Bermudagrass (Cynodon dactylon L.) and bahiagrass (Paspalum notatum Fluegge) are already produced extensively in the Coastal Plain as a forage crop. Napiergrass (Pennisetum purpureum Schumach.) and giant reed (Arundo donax L.) have been shown potential to produce over 20 tons DM/acre/year. Giant reed produces fiber that is comparable to hard wood which could be useful in paper/pulp and fiberboard industries. Use of these grasses for ethanol production systems, syngas or in co-firing electrical plants will be reviewed. Assessment of most promising biomass species and suggestions for future research will be discussed.