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ARS Home » Plains Area » Fargo, North Dakota » Edward T. Schafer Agricultural Research Center » Food Animal Metabolism Research » Research » Publications at this Location » Publication #146660


item Shelver, Weilin
item Smith, David

Submitted to: Meeting Abstract
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: 1/1/2003
Publication Date: 9/10/2003
Citation: Shelver, W.L., Smith, D.J. 2003. Determination of ractopamine in cattle and sheep urine using biosensor. VII International Conference on Agri-Food Antibodies, September 10-13, 2003, Uppsala, Sweden.

Interpretive Summary:

Technical Abstract: A biosensor method, using the surface plasmon resonance (SPR) principle, was developed for the determination of ractopamine in cattle and sheep urine. A monoclonal antibody was used to compete with ractopamine in the sample and ractopamine immobilized on the sensor chip. Addition of bovine serum albumin (BSA, 1 mg/mL) as antibody stabilizer to the incubation buffer was required to achieve a stable biosensor response throughout each sample set. The calibration curve gave a mean IC50 of 4.7 +/- 0.21 ng/mL (n = 7). Over sample concentrations from 2.5 to 10 ng/mL recoveries were typically approximately 100-110% while inter and intra assay reproducibility (% CV) was usually less than 10% and 6% respectively. Comparison of biosensor results with results obtained from high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) and enzyme linked immunosorbent assays (ELISA) using enzyme-hydrolyzed urine (to convert ractopamine conjugates to free ractopamine) gave correlation coefficients of 0.94 for sheep and 0.86 for cattle. Slopes of the lines, with zero intercepts, equaled 0.80 for sheep and 0.74 for cattle. For untreated (non-hydrolyzed) urine samples, the correlation between biosensor and HPLC results was 0.95 for sheep or 0.72 for cattle with a slope of 1.18 (sheep) or 1.69 (cattle). The slopes greater than unity indicate that the biosensor responded to ractopamine metabolites in addition to free ractopamine. The biosensor assay is an excellent analytical tool to determine ractopamine residues in sheep or cattle urine, and the results should be extendible to other species with suitable validation.