Submitted to: Book Chapter
Publication Type: Book / Chapter
Publication Acceptance Date: 11/1/2002
Publication Date: 1/1/2004
Citation: Olsen, S.C., Thoen, C.O., Cheville, N.F. 2004. Brucella. In: Gyles,C.E., Prescott, J.F., Songer, J.G., Thoen, C.O., editors.Pathogenesis of Bacterial Infections in Animals. Ames,IA:Blackwell Publishing. p. 309-320.
Technical Abstract: Brucella spp. cause zoonoses of worldwise importance. The six recognized species, B. abortus, B. melitensis, B. suis, B. canis, B. ovis, and B. neotomae, are named based on host preference, however, additional undesignated Brucella strains have been isolated from marine mammals. Brucella are facultative intracellular pathogens that are able to survive and multiply within phagocytic cells and reticuloendothelial tissues. The current state of knowledge in regards to virulance of Brucella spp, pathogenesis, and disease are discussed. In addition, the specific effects of each Brucella species in their primary host(s) are reviewed.