Submitted to: Meeting Abstract
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: 9/10/2001
Publication Date: N/A
Interpretive Summary: NA
Technical Abstract: Traditional wide-area control strategies, such as aerial and ground applications of chemical insecticides have never been very practical for biting midge control, and recently have fallen out of favor for mosquito control. Environmental concerns and decreased availability in diversity of chemical insecticides, due to legislation and increased resistance by more mosquito species, have been largely responsible for this disfavor. This has resulted in increased efforts to develop alternative control strategies that emphasize the use of attractant-baited targets and traps. Carbon dioxide and 1-octen-3-ol, when used together results in a synergistic response by many species of biting midges and mosquitoes. This attractant combination has been successfully used with insecticide-impregnated targets or traps as perimeter barrier treatments to locally reduce populations of biting midges and mosquitoes at several locations in the United States and on a Caribbean resort island. More recently, several commercial traps hav become available, which capture large numbers of both biting midges and mosquitoes. These are currently being evaluated for their ability to provide relief from annoyance and possible disease transmission by mosquitoes for individual homeowners or home owner associations.