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ARS Home » Pacific West Area » Tucson, Arizona » SWRC » Research » Publications at this Location » Publication #108546


item Sanchez-cohen, I.
item Stone, Jeffry
item Jasso Ibarra, R.

Submitted to: Use of Rainfall Simulators for Parameterizing Process-Based Hydrologic Mode
Publication Type: Book / Chapter
Publication Acceptance Date: 6/1/1999
Publication Date: N/A
Citation: N/A

Interpretive Summary: Rainfall simulation is applying water artificially to an area, usually one to 30 square meters, with the objective of measuring the amount of water and sediment which leaves the area. Experiment using rainfall simulators have been conducted since the 1930?s in the United States on both croplands and rangelands. The experiments are valuable because they are relatively inexpensive to conduct and offer the potential of accumulating a large amount of data very rapidly under controlled conditions. This book is a guide to the types of simulators available, experimental designs used, data reduction, and model parameterization. The book is written in Spanish and should be a useful source to scientists in Central and Latin America on the design and implementation of rainfall simulator experiments.

Technical Abstract: This book is a guide for experiments using rainfall simulation as a means of evaluating the effects of soil, vegetation, and management on the runoff and erosion response. The chapters include 1. Overview of rainfall simulation experiments, 2. Rainfall simulator experimental design, 3. The Rotating boom rainfall simulator experiment, 4. Type of rainfall simulators, 5. Data reduction, 6. Parameter estimation, and 7. A case study. This is the first such book published in Spanish and should be a valuable resource for to scientists and students interested in designing and conducting rainfall simulator experiments.