Location: Subtropical Plant Pathology Research
Project Number: 6034-22000-045-018-A
Project Type: Cooperative Agreement
Start Date: Oct 1, 2018
End Date: Jul 31, 2024
Develop preseason risk-prediction models for whitefly-transmitted viruses, and deliver as a user-friendly tool as a smartphone app and with web-based access, that can be used as the basis for areawide pest management. 1) Cooperator will examine whitefly population dynamics; 2) Cooperator will examine plant host resistance to viruses; and 3) Cooperator will examine economic analysis for risk prediction model.
Vegetable production in the southeastern states is regularly threatened by whiteflies (Bemisia tabaci) and whitefly-transmitted viruses. Epidemics of whitefly-transmitted viruses tend to be episodic, appearing sometimes for just a single field season, but often persisting over multiple seasons. Generally it is not clear what drives these episodes and it is difficult to predict which virus (or viruses) will be most prevalent and how severe it will be. But a recent and severe resurgence has been developing over the last two years that has growers on edge. The long-term goal of this project is to develop a disease and pest management strategy that utilizes a risk prediction model to provide a pre-planting (preseason) assessment of the risk of whitefly-transmitted viruses and to lay the foundation for an areawide pest management program for whitefly-transmitted viruses of vegetables. Cooperator will: 1) Examine whitefly population dynamics. Analyze dispersal behavior of whitefly. Monitor insecticide resistance of whitefly. 2) Examine plant host resistance to viruses. Evaluate cultivars for virus resistance. Develop new Tomato yellow leaf curl virus (TYLCV) resistance gene markers. 3) Examine economic analysis for risk prediction model. Analyze economics of risk prediction models to determine optimal management strategies to maximize grower profit.