Submitted to: Crop Science
Publication Type: Germplasm Release
Publication Acceptance Date: 8/31/1998
Publication Date: N/A
Interpretive Summary: This is a Germplasm Release, no Interpretive Summary Required.
Technical Abstract: 'Beluga' alubia bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) was derived from the 'BEA/'Lassen' cross and developed cooperatively by the Michigan Agricultural Experiment Station and USDA/ARS. 'Beluga' was released in 1998 and is an upright, full-season, disease resistant alubia bean cultivar adapted to coarse textured soils and a high input management system. Beluga' was yield tested (24 locations) from 1990 to 1997. 'Beluga' averaged 2,430 kg ha**-1 and over 20 locations was competitive in yield with 'Montcalm; dark red kidney and 'Chinook' light red kidney bean cultivars. 'Beluga' averaged 52 cm in height, exhibits a Type I determinant growth habit, resists lodging, has white flowers, and blooms 48 days after planting. 'Beluga' mature 105 days after planting and is 1 and 2 days later in maturity than 'Montcalm' and 'Chinook' respectively. 'Beluga' has a large white kidney seed averaging 62 g 100 seed**-1 and with a bright shiny ycolor. 'Beluga' has acceptable canning quality. 'Beluga' has the dominant hypersensitive I gene resistance to Bean Common Mosaic Virus (BCMV) and possesses the Co-1 gene which provides resistance to races 65 and 73 of anthracnose disease caused by Colletotrichum lindemuthianum (Sacc. & Mang). Briosi & Cav. 'Beluga' is immune to indigenous races of rust [Uromyces appendiculatus (Pers.: Pers.)] Unger prevalent in Michigan.