Submitted to: Book Chapter
Publication Type: Book / Chapter
Publication Acceptance Date: 12/15/1997
Publication Date: N/A
Technical Abstract: Leptospirosis is an economically important zoonotic bacterial infection of livestock that causes abortions, stillbirths, and loss of milk production. Many aspects of leptospirosis in farm animals are poorly understood, in part because of difficulty in diagnosis, complexity of the host-leptospire relationship, and changing patterns of infection. Leptospirosis in livestock is largely a hidden disease that may cause considerable frustration in diagnosis and control. It should be considered a series of separate infections caused by individual serovars within a particular host, rather than a single disease with a common epidemiology, host response, and means of control. This review of the cause, clinical signs, diagnosis, treatment, and control of leptospirosis in livestock will be used by practicing veterinarians and animal health officials.