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ARS Home » Plains Area » Mandan, North Dakota » Northern Great Plains Research Laboratory » Research » Publications at this Location » Publication #402648

Research Project: Sustainable Agricultural Systems for the Northern Great Plains

Location: Northern Great Plains Research Laboratory

Title: Seventy-One years of soil change in the U.S. Great Plains: insights from the Haas soil archive

item Liebig, Mark
item Durso, Lisa
item CALDERON, FRANCISCO - Oregon State University
item Clemensen, Andrea
item EBERLY, JED - Montana State University
item Halvorson, Jonathan
item HASHSHAM, S. - Michigan State University
item Jin, Virginia
item MARGENOT, ANDREW - University Of Illinois
item QIAN, X. - Michigan State University
item Stewart, Catherine
item TIEDJE, JIM - Michigan State University
item TELLI, EZGI - Michigan State University
item TELLI, NIHAT - Michigan State University
item Van Pelt, Robert - Scott

Submitted to: Meeting Abstract
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: 5/1/2023
Publication Date: 7/12/2023
Citation: Liebig, M.A., Durso, L.M., Calderon, F.J., Clemensen, A.K., Eberly, J.O., Halvorson, J.J., Hashsham, S., Jin, V.L., Margenot, A.J., Qian, X., Stewart, C.E., Tiedje, J., Telli, E., Telli, N., Van Pelt, R.S. 2023. Seventy-One years of soil change in the U.S. Great Plains: insights from the Haas soil archive. Meeting Abstract. 1.

Interpretive Summary:

Technical Abstract: In the U.S. Great Plains, climatic and edaphic factors frequently relegate detection of soil change to decadal timescales, requiring long-term evaluation sites and associated soil archives for insight into trends in soil condition that manifest at scales relevant to sustainability. However, few multi-decadal investigations into soil change have been conducted in the region. Here, we document effects of rainfed agricultural practices on a suite of soil properties using matched historic (1947) and contemporary (2018) soil samples from the Haas Soil Archive, collected at the same locations in the northern (Moccasin, MT), central (Akron, CO), and southern (Big Spring, TX) Great Plains. Historic samples were initially analyzed by the Missouri Basin Survey Laboratory (Mandan, ND; 1949-1956) in support of activities carried out by the National Cooperative Soil Survey. Shared results will leverage knowledge and experience of a diverse investigative team using current analytical methods, with emphasis on elemental composition, soil carbon, labile organic matter, particle-size distribution, and molecular markers of antibiotic resistance.