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ARS Home » Midwest Area » Ames, Iowa » National Laboratory for Agriculture and The Environment » Agroecosystems Management Research » Research » Publications at this Location » Publication #400914

Research Project: Physiological, Microbiological, and Nutritional Mechanisms to Maintain Animal Productivity in the Absence of Antibiotics

Location: Agroecosystems Management Research

Title: Swine nutrition and environment

item FAN, MING - University Of Guelph
item Kerr, Brian
item Trabue, Steven - Steve
item YIN, XINDI - University Of Guelph
item YANG, ZEYU - University Of Guelph
item WANG, WEIJUN - Canadian Food Inspection Agency

Submitted to: Book Chapter
Publication Type: Book / Chapter
Publication Acceptance Date: 10/1/2022
Publication Date: 11/7/2022
Citation: Fan, M.Z., Kerr, B.J., Trabue, S.L., Yin, X., Yang, Z., Wang, W. 2022. Swine nutrition and environment. In: Chiba, L.I., editor. Sustainable Swine Nutrition. 2nd edition. Hoboken, NJ. Wiley. p.547-601.

Interpretive Summary:

Technical Abstract: Global pork production has steadily increased over the past several decades with pork representing about 35% of the overall meat production, thereby contributing significantly to the world food security, trade, and economy. However, the main concerned negative impacts of intensive swine production on the footprint of the environment, including limited efficiency of utilization and excessive manure nutrient excretions, emission of greenhouse gases (GHG) and odorants, and the persistence of antimicrobial resistance (AMR), are still to be mitigated. These environmental concerns may be now even more challenging for the pork industry because in-feed antimicrobial uses have been banned in both countries since December 2018. That said, progress has been made on many fronts of applied and basic swine nutrition, digestive and metabolic physiology and gut microbiology, all of which affect how swine production impacts the environment. In this chapter, comprehensive nutritional and non-dietary strategies are reviewed, summarized and recommended for adoption and further commercialization to tackle the environmental sustainability concerns, including excessive manure nutrient excretion, antimicrobial resistance threat to public health, and green house gas emissions facing the global pork production industry.