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ARS Home » Plains Area » Mandan, North Dakota » Northern Great Plains Research Laboratory » Research » Publications at this Location » Publication #396262

Research Project: Sustainable Agricultural Systems for the Northern Great Plains

Location: Northern Great Plains Research Laboratory

Title: Influence of drought on spring wheat yield – differences between cultivars

item Clemensen, Andrea
item Hendrickson, John
item Archer, David

Submitted to: Meeting Abstract
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: 7/12/2022
Publication Date: 11/8/2022
Citation: Clemensen, A.K., Hendrickson, J.R., Archer, D.W. 2022. Influence of drought on spring wheat yield – differences between cultivars. Meeting Abstract. 1.

Interpretive Summary:

Technical Abstract: Shifting climate is creating uncertain growing conditions for agricultural production. Understanding the dynamics of agricultural systems using the framework of G x E x M (Genetics x Environment x Management) is critical to allow better adaptation to constantly changing conditions while increasing food production for a growing human population. Therefore, we investigated yield of spring wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) in a split-split experimental design in Mandan, ND in 2021 that included variety and both short-term and long-term management contrasts. The treatments included four spring wheat varieties (Glenn, Lang, Bolles, and VitPro) planted in plots that were historically managed as an integrated crop-livestock system (grazed) or as a crop-only system (non-grazed), with and without fertilizer. With historically low precipitation (181 mm) during the growing season (April-Aug) in 2021, we found significant yield differences (p < 0.0001) between spring wheat varieties, with no differences detected between treatments (p > 0.83). Varieties Bolles (390 kg ha-1) and Lang (361 kg ha-1) showed greater yield than Glenn (106 kg ha-1) and VitPro (90 kg ha-1), exemplifying the importance of considering genetic variety in our agricultural management strategies to adapt to shifting climactic conditions.