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Research Project: Preventing the Development of Childhood Obesity

Location: Children's Nutrition Research Center

Title: Associations between independent assessments of child appetite self-regulation: A narrative review

item PAPAIOANNOU, MARIA - Children'S Nutrition Research Center (CNRC)
item MICHELI, NILDA - Children'S Nutrition Research Center (CNRC)
item POWER, THOMAS - Washington State University
item FISHER, JENNIFER - Temple University
item HUGHES, SHERYL - Children'S Nutrition Research Center (CNRC)

Submitted to: Frontiers in Nutrition
Publication Type: Review Article
Publication Acceptance Date: 12/22/2021
Publication Date: 1/27/2022
Citation: Papaioannou, M.A., Micheli, N., Power, T.G., Fisher, J.O., Hughes, S.O. 2022. Associations between independent assessments of child appetite self-regulation: A narrative review. Frontiers in Nutrition. 8. Article 810912.

Interpretive Summary:

Technical Abstract: A variety of eating behaviors among children have been associated with obesity risk and are thought to broadly reflect child appetite self-regulation (ASR). While ASR is thought to occur on cognitive, emotional, motivational, biological, and behavioral levels, the inter-relatedness of ASR constructs as assessed by different methods/measures is not well-characterized. This narrative review describes the correspondence between different methods/measures of child ASR constructs as assessed by self-report questionnaires and/or observational tasks and their relationship to child standardized body mass index (BMIz). Research involving at least two different methods/measures is presented including observational tasks such as the Eating in the Absence of Hunger task, compensation trials, and eating rate, as well as various child eating behavior self-report questionnaires. Keyword searches in the PubMed and PsycINFO databases for articles published between 2000 and July 2021 identified 21,042 articles. Eighteen articles met the inclusion criteria and examined at least two of the targeted measures. Studies comparing questionnaire data with other questionnaire data showed the most evidence of significant associations (r values ranging from -0.45 to 0.49), whereas studies comparing questionnaires with observational tasks mostly showed weak (r values ranging from -0.17 to 0.19) or not significant associations, with only few studies finding moderate associations (r values ranging from -0.38 to 0.33). Studies comparing different observational tasks showed no significant associations. Overall, studies comparing self-report questionnaires showed the most correspondence, whereas those comparing observational tasks showed no correspondence. Studies across methods (questionnaires with tasks) showed less correspondence. Significant associations were found between ASR constructs and child BMIz across five studies using self-report questionnaires and two studies using observational tasks. Future research is needed to clearly define the various ASR constructs, their expected correspondence, and the strength of that correspondence, as well as the relations between ASR constructs and child weight among youth with and without overweight/obesity.