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ARS Home » Midwest Area » St. Paul, Minnesota » Cereal Disease Lab » Research » Publications at this Location » Publication #388783

Research Project: Cereal Rust: Pathogen Biology and Host Resistance

Location: Cereal Disease Lab

Title: Mapping and characterization of a wheat stem rust resistance gene in durum wheat 'Kronos'

Author
item LI, HOGNA - Peking University
item HUA, LEI - Peking University
item Rouse, Matthew - Matt
item LI, TIANYA - Shenyang Agricultural University
item PANG, SHUYONG - Peking University
item BAI, SHENGSHENG - Peking University
item SHEN, TAO - Peking University
item LUO, JING - Peking University
item LI, HONGYU - Peking University
item ZHANG, WENJUN - University Of California, Davis
item WANG, XIAODONG - Hebei University
item DUBCOVSKY, JORGE - University Of California, Davis
item CHEN, SHISHENG - Peking University

Submitted to: Frontiers in Plant Science
Publication Type: Peer Reviewed Journal
Publication Acceptance Date: 9/9/2021
Publication Date: 10/15/2021
Citation: Li, H., Hua, L., Rouse, M.N., Li, T., Pang, S., Bai, S., Shen, T., Luo, J., Li, H., Zhang, W., Wang, X., Dubcovsky, J., Chen, S. 2021. Mapping and characterization of a wheat stem rust resistance gene in durum wheat 'Kronos'. Frontiers in Plant Science. 12. Article 751398. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpls.2021.751398.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3389/fpls.2021.751398

Interpretive Summary: Wheat stem rust is one of the most devastating fungal diseases, threatening global wheat production. Identification, mapping and deployment of effective resistance genes are critical to address this challenge. In this study, we mapped and characterized one stem rust resistance gene from the durum wheat variety Kronos. This gene that we designated as SrKN conferred resistance to multiple wheat stem rust races. Using a large mapping population , we fine-mapped SrKN. An allelism test failed to detect recombination between SrKN and the previously mapped Sr9e gene. This result, together with similar seedling resistance responses and resistance profiles, suggested that SrKN and Sr9e may represent the same gene. We introgressed SrKN into common wheat, and developed completely linked markers to accelerate its deployment in wheat breeding programs. SrKN can be a valuable component of gene pyramids including multiple complementary resistance genes to control wheat stem rust.

Technical Abstract: Wheat stem (or black) rust is one of the most devastating fungal diseases, threatening global wheat production. Identification, mapping and deployment of effective resistance genes are critical to address this challenge. In this study, we mapped and characterized one stem rust resistance (Sr) gene from the tetraploid durum wheat variety Kronos (temporary designation SrKN). This gene was mapped on the long arm of chromosome 2B and conferred resistance to multiple virulent Pgt races such as TRTTF and BCCBC. Using a large mapping population (3,366 gametes), we mapped SrKN within a 0.29 cM region flanked by sequenced-based markers pku4856F2R2 and pku4917F3R3, which corresponds to 5.6-Mb and 7.2-Mb regions in the Svevo and Chinese Spring reference genomes, respectively. Both regions include a cluster of nucleotide binding leucine-repeat (NLR) genes that represent potential candidate genes. An allelism test failed to detect recombination between SrKN and the previously mapped Sr9e gene. This result, together with similar seedling resistance responses and resistance profiles, suggested that SrKN and Sr9e may represent the same gene. We introgressed SrKN into common wheat, and developed completely linked markers to accelerate its deployment in wheat breeding programs. SrKN can be a valuable component of transgenic cassettes or gene pyramids including multiple resistance genes to control this devastating disease.