Location: Livestock Nutrient Management ResearchTitle: Mitigation of odor, NH3, H2S, GHG, and VOC emissions with current products for use in deep-pit swine manure storage structures
|CHEN, B - Iowa State University|
|KOZIEL, J - Iowa State University|
|BANIK, C - Iowa State University|
|MA, H - Iowa State University|
|LEE, M - Chungnam National University|
|WI, J - Chungnam National University|
|MEIIRKHANULY, Z - Iowa State University|
|ANDERSEN, D - Iowa State University|
|BIALOWIEC, A - Wroclaw Medical University|
Submitted to: Frontiers in Environmental Science
Publication Type: Peer Reviewed Journal
Publication Acceptance Date: 12/2/2020
Publication Date: 12/23/2020
Citation: Chen, B., Koziel, J.A., Banik, C., Ma, H., Lee, M., Wi, J., Meiirkhanuly, Z., Andersen, D.S., Bialowiec, A., Parker, D.B. 2020. Mitigation of odor, NH3, H2S, GHG, and VOC emissions with current products for use in deep-pit swine manure storage structures. Frontiers in Environmental Science. 8:270. https://doi.org/10.3389/fenvs.2020.613646.
Interpretive Summary: Gaseous emissions from swine farms can pose an odor nuisance to downwind communities. There are many commercial products that are currently being marketed for reducing odor from swine farms. However, many of these products have not been scientifically evaluated for their effectiveness in reducing odors. Scientists from USDA-ARS (Bushland, Texas), Iowa State University, Chungnam National University (South Korea), and Wroclaw University (Poland) evaluated twelve commercial manure additives for their effectiveness in reducing odor emissions from anaerobic swine manure. A pilot-scale system was used to simulate the storage of swine manure with controlled ventilation of headspace and periodic addition of manure. Manure for the study was collected from three swine farms in central Iowa, and the additives were added following manufacturer-prescribed rates. None of the tested additives showed a significant reduction in gaseous emissions, which demonstrates a lack of consistent mitigation of gaseous emissions by manure additives. The results of this study do not warrant full-scale trials with the tested products.
Technical Abstract: Odorous gas emissions from swine production have been a concern for neighbors and communities near livestock farms. Manure storage is one of the main sources of gaseous emissions. Manure additive products are marketed as a simple solution to this environmental challenge. Manure additives are user-friendly for producers and can be applied (e.g., periodically poured into manure) without changing the current manure storage structure. Little scientific data exist on how these products perform in mitigating gaseous emissions from swine manure. The research objective was to evaluate the effectiveness of 12 marketed manure additives on mitigating odor, ammonia (NH3), hydrogen sulfide (H2S), greenhouse gases (GHG), and odorous volatile organic compounds (VOCs) from stored swine manure. A controlled pilot-scale setup was used to conduct 8-week long trials using manufacturer-prescribed dosages of additives into swine manures. Manure was outsourced from three swine farms to represent a variety of manure storage types and other factors affecting the properties. Measured gaseous emissions were compared between the treated and untreated manure. None of the tested products showed a significant reduction in gaseous emissions when all (n=3) manures were treated as replicates. Selected products showed a wide range of statistically significant reduction and generation of gaseous emissions when emissions were compared in pairs of manure types from one farm. The latter observation highlighted the lack of consistent mitigation of gaseous emissions by manure additives. The results of this study do not warrant full-scale trials with the tested products.