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Research Project: Management of Temperate-Adapted Fruit, Nut, and Specialty Crop Genetic Resources and Associated Information

Location: National Clonal Germplasm Repository

Title: Discovery of three loci increasing resistance to charcoal rot caused by Macrophomina phaseolina in octoploid strawberry

Author
item NELSON, JONATHAN - UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA
item VERMA, SUJEET - UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA
item Bassil, Nahla
item FINN, CHAD
item HANCOCK, JAMES - MICHIGAN STATE UNIVERSITY
item COLE, GLENN - UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA, DAVIS
item KNAPP, STEVE - UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA, DAVIS
item WHITAKER, VANCE - UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA

Submitted to: G3, Genes/Genomes/Genetics
Publication Type: Peer Reviewed Journal
Publication Acceptance Date: 2/8/2021
Publication Date: 2/10/2021
Citation: Nelson, J.R., Verma, S., Bassil, N.V., Finn, C.E., Hancock, J., Cole, G., Knapp, S., Whitaker, V. 2021. Discovery of three loci increasing resistance to charcoal rot caused by Macrophomina phaseolina in octoploid strawberry. G3, Genes/Genomes/Genetics. 11(3). Article jkab037. https://doi.org/10.1093/g3journal/jkab037.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1093/g3journal/jkab037

Interpretive Summary: Charcoal rot is an increasing economic problem in annualized strawberry production systems around the world. Currently there are no effective post-fumigation chemical controls for managing charcoal rot, and no information is available on the genetic architecture of resistance to the causal pathogen in the cultivated strawberry. In this study, three different genetic loci for resistance were discovered, each significantly slowing the rate of mortality. Together these loci will form a basis for DNA-informed breeding tools against charcoal rot in cultivated strawberry.

Technical Abstract: Charcoal rot caused by Macrophomina phaseolina is an increasing economic problem in annualized strawberry production systems around the world. Currently there are no effective post-fumigation chemical controls for managing charcoal rot, and no information is available on the genetic architecture of resistance to M. phaseolina in strawberry (Fragaria ×ananassa). In this study, three multiparental discovery populations and two validation populations were inoculated at planting and evaluated for mortality in three consecutive growing seasons. Whole-genome SNP genotyping and pedigree-based analysis with FlexQTL™ software were performed. Two large-effect quantitative trait loci (QTL) increasing charcoal rot resistance were discovered and validated in cultivated germplasm. FaRMp1 was located on linkage group 2A in the interval 20.4 cM to 24.9 cM, while FaRMp2 was located on linkage group 4B in the interval 41.1 cM to 61.2 cM. Together these QTL explained 27% and 17% of the phenotypic variance in two discovery populations consisting of elite breeding germplasm. For both QTL, the resistant allele showed some evidence of partial dominance, but no significant interaction was detected between the two loci. As the dosage of resistant alleles increased from 0-4 across the two QTL, mortality decreased regardless of the combination of alleles. A third locus, FaRMp3 on 4D, was discovered in FVC 11-58, a reconstituted F. × ananassa originating from diverse F. virginiana and F. chiloensis accessions. This locus accounted for 44% of phenotypic variation in four segregating crosses. These findings will form the basis for DNA-informed breeding for resistance to charcoal rot in cultivated strawberry.