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ARS Home » Northeast Area » Newark, Delaware » Beneficial Insects Introduction Research Unit » Research » Publications at this Location » Publication #374836

Research Project: Classical Biological Control of Insect Pests of Crops, Emphasizing Brown Marmorated Stink Bug, Spotted Wing Drosophila and Tarnished Plant Bug

Location: Beneficial Insects Introduction Research Unit

Title: Behavioral response of the spotted lanternfly egg parasitoid Anastatus orientalis to chemical traces left by target and non-target adults

item Kaser, Joseph
item HAGERTY, TYLER - University Of Delaware
item COOPERBAND, MIRIAM - Animal And Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS)
item BROADLEY, HANNAH - Animal And Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS)
item GOULD, JULI - Animal And Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS)
item BARTLETT, CHARLES - University Of Delaware
item Hoelmer, Kim

Submitted to: USDA Interagency Forum on Invasive Species
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: 5/14/2020
Publication Date: N/A
Citation: N/A

Interpretive Summary:

Technical Abstract: The spotted lanternfly was first recorded in the United States in Pennsylvania in 2014, and it has since spread to several other mid-Atlantic states and is causing significant damage to grape production and poses risks to several other crops. Research to develop a classical biological control program targeting spotted lanternfly is underway. The egg parasitoid Anastatus orientalis is one promising natural enemy being studied in biosecurity containment facilities to evaluate the ecological risks and benefits of potential release in North America. In initial no-choice host range testing, a native fulgorid, Poblicia fuliginosa, has shown intermediate levels of parasitism by A. orientalis compared to attack on spotted lanternfly. Previous research indicates that A. orientalis responds to kairomones left on surfaces by adult spotted lanternfly, initiating motivated searching behavior which likely increases host finding ability by the parasitoid. We compare the response of A. orientalis to cues left on glass slides by spotted lanternfly to those left by the non-target P. fuliginosa. Foraging behavior by A. orientalis differed from controls for all movement parameters evaluated: faster turning, greater distance moved, longer time spent on the slide, and a slower walking speed. Spotted lanternfly residues resulted in these same trends for three of the parameters tested when compared to P. fuliginosa, except there was no difference in angular velocity between the two species. Poblicia fuliginosa did not differ from controls in any comparison. Concentrations of kairomones on hexane-rinsed slides that had been exposed to adult planthoppers were too low to detect chemical components of the putative kairomone. While initial no-choice host range tests show that A. orientalis can develop in the native P. fuliginosa, this study indicates that the non-target planthopper would not be detected as readily as the invasive spotted lanternfly.