Location: National Clonal Germplasm Repository for CitrusTitle: Analysis of ‘Marrakesh limetta’ (Citrus x limon var. limetta (Risso) Ollitrault, Curk & R.Krueger) horticultural history and relationships with limes and lemons
|RIVERA, DIEGO - Universidad De Murcia|
|BERMUDEZ, ANTONIO - Colegio Espanol De Rabat|
|OBON, CONCHITA - Miguel Hernandez University|
|ALCARAZ, FRANCISCO - Universidad De Murcia|
|RIOS, SEGUNDO - Universidad De Alicante|
|SANCHEZ-BALIBERA, J - Association Of Southeast Naturalists|
Submitted to: Scientia Horticulturae
Publication Type: Peer Reviewed Journal
Publication Acceptance Date: 10/19/2021
Publication Date: 11/6/2021
Citation: Rivera, D., Bermudez, A., Obon, C., Alcaraz, F., Rios, S., Sanchez-Balibera, J., Krueger, R. 2021. Analysis of ‘Marrakesh limetta’ (Citrus x limon var. limetta (Risso) Ollitrault, Curk & R.Krueger) horticultural history and relationships with limes and lemons. Scientia Horticulturae. 293. Article 110688. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scienta.2021.110688.
Interpretive Summary: Our work has three main objectives: to characterize acid limetta on the basis of Spanish and Moroccan populations, as well as its cultural relevance throughout history, especially in painting, gastronomy, agriculture and gardening, to determine their relationships with limes and lemons and to evaluate the availability and state of conservation of that legacy. We analyze and illustrate the morphology of the plant, flowers and fruits of sour limetta and their differences with other related citrus species and cultivars: sweet limetta, lemon, common lime, Persian lime, bergamot, mellarosa, Meyer lemon, rough lemon, Pursha Romana lime, Palestine sweet lime, Pomum Adami and Rangpur lime. The above species and cultivars were selected on the base of their known ancestry and pomological characters. The distinctive characters are useful for the identification of sour limetta in the field but also for identifyin images of this plant in paintings. We analyzed the ancestry of the different taxa involved and compared the classification based on phenotypes with the classification based on the proportion of ancestors’ genomes in each individual taxa.
Technical Abstract: Citrus (Rutaceae) species have a relevant role in the culture of the Mediterranean countries, not only for their gastronomic or medicinal value, but especially for their ornamental and symbolic importance. The interest on Citrus diversity led to collect and cultivate numerous cultivars around the Mediterranean Sea, at least since the Roman period. Their image is documented in mosaics, paintings, sculptures and coins since the first millennium BC. Among these, sour limettas Citrus limetta Risso stand for their history and conservation status. Presently sour limetta is cultivated in Morocco, especially in Marrakesh, and in the Valle de Ricote (Murcia, Spain).