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ARS Home » Southeast Area » Canal Point, Florida » Sugarcane Field Station » Research » Publications at this Location » Publication #357118

Research Project: Development of High-Yielding, Stress Tolerant Sugarcane Cultivars Using Agronomic, Genetic, and Molecular Approaches

Location: Sugarcane Field Station

Title: Registration of ‘CP 09-1952’ Sugarcane

Author
item Davidson, Wayne - Florida Sugarcane League
item Gordon, Vanessa
item Sandhu, Hardev - University Of Florida
item Mccord, Per - Former ARS Employee
item Zhao, Duli
item Comstock, Jack - Retired ARS Employee
item Singh, Maninder - Michigan State University
item Sood, Sushma
item Baltazar, Miguel - Florida Sugarcane League
item Mccorkle, Katherine

Submitted to: Journal of Plant Registrations
Publication Type: Peer Reviewed Journal
Publication Acceptance Date: 4/25/2018
Publication Date: 8/9/2018
Citation: Davidson, W.R., Gordon, V.S., Sandhu, H.S., Mccord, P.H., Zhao, D., Comstock, J.C., Singh, M.P., Sood, S.G., Baltazar, M., Mccorkle, K.M. 2018. Registration of ‘CP 09-1952’ Sugarcane. Journal of Plant Registrations. 12:340-346. doi:10.3198/jpr2018.02.0008crc.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3198/jpr2018.02.0008crc

Interpretive Summary: Sugarcane is an important crop in south Florida. New sugarcane cultivars are needed that yield well on organic (muck) soils and/or sand soils and have acceptable resistance to major diseases because 74% of sugarcane grows on muck soils in Florida. Field data from 19 harvests of three crops (plant cane and first- and second-ratoon crops) at multiple locations. CP 09-1952 yielded well in commercial sugarcane fields on muck soils. CP 09-1952 was released because of its high cane and sucrose yields on muck soils, and its acceptable levels of resistance to orange rust, leaf scald, Sugarcane mosaic virus strain E (mosaic), sugarcane yellow leaf virus, and ratoon stunt. CP 09-1952 was moderately susceptible to brown rust and it has moderate to low freeze tolerance. CP 09-1952 tested negative for the Bru1 locus which is an indicator of brown rust resistance.

Technical Abstract: ‘CP 09-1952’ (Reg. No. CV-179, PI 686942) sugarcane (a complex hybrid of Saccharum spp.) was developed through cooperative research conducted by the USDA–ARS, the University of Florida, and the Florida Sugarcane League, Inc. At the 6 June 2016 Florida Sugarcane Variety Committee Meeting, CP 09-1952 was released to growers for organic (muck) soils in Florida, and seed cane was made available in September 2016. CP 09-1952 was selected from a polycross of CP 01-2390 × Poly 06-30 made at Canal Point, FL, in January 2007. The female parent, CP 01-2390, is not a commercial cultivar. The male parent is unknown, as it is one of 15 clones comprising the polycross. Cane yield of CP 09-1952 on muck soils, averaged across 19 harvests through three crop cycles (plant cane, first ratoon, and second ratoon), was 30.1% higher (P < 0.1) than that of ‘CP 89-2143’, a high recoverable sugar commercial check for muck soils. The commercial recoverable sucrose for CP 09-1952 was not significantly higher than the check, but high cane yield resulted in 30.3% higher (P < 0.1) sucrose yield than CP 89-2143. CP 09-1952 was released because of its high cane and sucrose yields on muck soils and its acceptable levels of resistance to orange rust, leaf scald, Sugarcane mosaic virus strain E, Sugarcane yellow leaf virus, and ratoon stunt. CP 09-1952 is moderately susceptible to brown rust, and it has moderate to low freeze tolerance. CP 09-1952 tested negative for the Bru1 quantitative trait loci, which is an indicator of brown rust resistance.