Skip to main content
ARS Home » Plains Area » Clay Center, Nebraska » U.S. Meat Animal Research Center » Reproduction Research » Research » Publications at this Location » Publication #354744

Research Project: Improving Lifetime Productivity in Swine

Location: Reproduction Research

Title: Non-targeted metabolomic profiles within the uterine milieu of porcine pregnancies containing populations of uniform or diverse spherical, ovoid or tubular conceptuses during initiation of embryo elongation

Author
item Miles, Jeremy
item Wright, Elane
item WALSH, SOPHIE - University Of Nebraska
item BROECKLING, COREY - Colorado State University
item YAO, LINXING - Colorado State University
item Rempel, Lea
item PANNIER, ANGELA - University Of Nebraska

Submitted to: Reproduction, Fertility and Development
Publication Type: Proceedings
Publication Acceptance Date: 8/2/2018
Publication Date: 12/3/2018
Citation: Miles, J.R., Wright-Johnson, E.C., Walsh, S., Broeckling, C.D., Yao, L., Rempel, L.A., Pannier, A.K. 2018. Non-targeted metabolomic profiles within the uterine milieu of porcine pregnancies containing populations of uniform or diverse spherical, ovoid or tubular conceptuses during initiation of embryo elongation [abstract]. Reproduction, Fertility and Development. 31(1):154. https://doi.org/10.1071/RDv31n1Ab57.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1071/RDv31n1Ab57

Interpretive Summary:

Technical Abstract: Alterations in the signaling of critical molecular factors within the uterine milieu result in deficiencies in embryo elongation, leading directly to embryonic loss as well as delayed elongation. The objective of this study was to identify metabolites within the uterine environment from populations of uniform and diverse porcine conceptuses as they transition between spherical, ovoid, and tubular conceptuses during the initiation of embryo elongation. White crossbred gilts (n = 38) were bred at standing estrus (designated d 0) and again 24 h later and randomly assigned to collection group. At day 9, 10, or 11 of gestation, reproductive tracts were collected immediately following harvest and flushed with 40 ml of RPMI-1640 media. Conceptus morphologies were assessed from each pregnancy to assign to one of five treatment groups based on these morphologies: 1) uniform spherical (n = 8); 2) diverse spherical and ovoid (n = 8); 3) uniform ovoid (n = 8); 4) diverse ovoid and tubular (n = 8); 5) uniform tubular (n = 6). Subsequently uterine flushings from these pregnancies were submitted for non-targeted profiling by GC-MS and UPLC-MS techniques. Raw spectral data were processed using XCMS package in R and features were clustered using RAMclustR. Unsupervised multivariate principal component analysis (PCA) was performed in R using pcamethods package and univariate ANOVA was performed in R with a Benjamini-Hochburg false discovery rate (FDR) adjustment. PCA analysis of the GC-MS and UPLC-MS data, identified 153 and 104 metabolites, respectively. Of the identified metabolites, 51 and 71 metabolites from the GC-MS and UPLC-MS analysis, respectively, corresponded to known compounds. After FDR adjustment of the GC-MS and UPLC-MS data, 38 and 59 metabolites from the GC-MS and UPLC-MS analysis, respectively, differed (P < 0.05) in uterine flushings from pregnancies for the five conceptus stages. Some metabolites were greater (P < 0.05) in abundance for uterine flushings containing earlier stage conceptuses (i.e., spherical) such as uric acid, tryptophan, 5-hydroxy-L-tryptophan, and L-tryosine. In contrast, some metabolites were greater (P < 0.05) in abundance for uterine flushings containing later stage conceptuses (i.e., tubular) such as creatinine, serine, isovaleryl-I-carnitine, and lauric diethaolamide. These data illustrate several putative metabolites that change within the uterine milieu as porcine embryos transition between spherical, ovoid, and tubular conceptuses. Funding provided by USDA-NIFA-AFRI Grant no. 2017-67015-26456.