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Research Project: Childhood Obesity Prevention

Location: Children's Nutrition Research Center

Title: Food sources of total energy and overconsumed nutrients of public health concern among US adolescents: National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2011-2014

Author
item Barco Leme, Ana - Children'S Nutrition Research Center (CNRC)
item Baranowski, Tom - Children'S Nutrition Research Center (CNRC)
item Fulgoni Iii, Victor - Nutrition Impact, Llc
item Thompson, Deborah - Debbe
item O'neil, Carol - LSU Agcenter
item Philippi, Sonia - Universidade De Sao Paulo
item Nicklas, Theresa - Children'S Nutrition Research Center (CNRC)

Submitted to: Meeting Abstract
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: 4/11/2018
Publication Date: 6/7/2018
Citation: Barco Leme, A.C., Baranowski, T., Fulgoni III, V., Thompson, D.J., O'Neil, C., Philippi, S., Nicklas, T. 2018. Food sources of total energy and overconsumed nutrients of public health concern among US adolescents: National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2011-2014 [abstract]. Dietitians of Canada National Conference. June 6-9, 2018; Vancouver, BC Canada. Poster Presentation.

Interpretive Summary:

Technical Abstract: There is high intake of energy and overconsumed nutrients of public health concern in adolescents' diet. Overconsumed nutrients are sodium, saturated fatty acids (SFA), and added sugars. Our objective was to identify the most commonly consumed foods by adolescents as percentage of total energy, total gram amount consumed and for intake of sodium, SFA and added sugars. One 24-h dietary recall from the cross-sectional National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (2011-2014) was assessed among 3,156 adolescents 10-19 years of age. Mean percent energy, total gram amount, sodium, SFA, and added sugars consumed from food sources were sample-weighted and ranked based on percent contribution to intake of total amount consumed. The three-highest ranked food subgroup sources of total energy consumed were: 7.8% from sweetened beverages; 6.9% sweet bakery products, and 6.6% mixed dishes—pizza; while diet beverages and plain water each contributed 0%. Three highest ranked sources of total grams were 34.8% from plain water, 15.8% sweetened beverages, and 7.2% milk; while cooked cereals, crackers and snack/meal bars each contributed 0.5 to 1.2%. The three highest ranked sources of total sodium were 8.7% from mixed dishes—pizza; 6.7% mixed dishes—Mexican; and 6.6% cured meats/poultry; while yogurt, fruits and flavored/enhanced water each contributed 1.2 to 3.4%. The three highest ranked sources of SFA were 9.1% from mixed dishes—pizza; 8.3% sweet bakery products, and 7.9% mixed dishes—Mexican, while diet beverages, plain water, and flavored/enhanced water each contributed 0%. The three highest ranked sources of total added sugars were 42.1% from sweetened beverages, 12.1% sweet bakery products, and 7.6% coffee and tea; while eggs, milk and plain water each contributed 0%. Identifying food sources of energy and nutrients of public health concern among US adolescents is critical for designing strategies to help them meet nutrient recommendations within energy needs. The audience will know the major food sources of energy and overconsumed nutrients by US adolescents which may help them design effective strategies for developing specific guidelines to promote nutrient adequacy of adolescents' diets.