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ARS Home » Pacific West Area » Pullman, Washington » Plant Germplasm Introduction and Testing Research » Research » Publications at this Location » Publication #352219

Research Project: Management of Priority Legume, Oilseed, Vegetable, Forage Grass, Sugar, Ornamental, and Medicinal Plant Genetic Resources and Associated Information

Location: Plant Germplasm Introduction and Testing Research

Title: Breeding and genomics status in faba bean (Vicia faba L)

Author
item MAALOUF, FOUAD - International Center For Agricultural Research In The Dry Areas (ICARDA)
item Hu, Jinguo
item O'SULLIVAN, DONAL - University Of Reading
item ZONG, XUXIAO - Chinese Academy Of Agricultural Sciences
item HAMWIEH, ALLADIN - International Center For Agricultural Research In The Dry Areas (ICARDA)
item KUMAR, SHIV - International Center For Agricultural Research In The Dry Areas (ICARDA)
item BAUM, MICHAEL - International Center For Agricultural Research In The Dry Areas (ICARDA)

Submitted to: Plant Breeding
Publication Type: Peer Reviewed Journal
Publication Acceptance Date: 1/30/2018
Publication Date: N/A
Citation: N/A

Interpretive Summary: Faba bean is one of the important legume crops due to its high yield potential and nutrition dense grains. This review paper summarizes the significant achievements in faba bean improvement during the last four decades. The high genetic diversity among faba bean germplasm accessions has been very useful for increasing yield potential of this crop. During past decades, many improved faba bean varieties were released for tolerance to abiotic stresses and resistance to biotic stresses worldwide. The recent advanced technologies in molecular approaches will be used to develop more coherent genetic maps, which would also facilitate assembling and ordering genomic sequence scaffolds in a future whole genome sequencing effort and have applications in faba bean improvement.

Technical Abstract: Faba bean is an important legume crop due to its high yield potential and nutrition dense grains. There are significant achievements in faba bean improvement during the last four decades, leading to the doubling the global yield average. This paper intends to review the genetic diversity, the breeding methodologies, major achievement on biotic and abiotic traits and the recent molecular approaches. The high genetic diversity among faba bean accessions has been very useful for increasing yield potential of faba bean crop through development of cultivars in open pollinated conditions to increase genetic gains. During past decades, many improved faba bean varieties were released for tolerance to abiotic stresses and resistance to biotic stresses worldwide. The recent advanced technologies in molecular approaches will be used to develop more coherent genetic maps, which would also facilitate assembling and ordering genomic scaffolds in a future genome sequencing effort and have applications in faba bean improvement.