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ARS Home » Southeast Area » Fort Pierce, Florida » U.S. Horticultural Research Laboratory » Subtropical Insects and Horticulture Research » Research » Publications at this Location » Publication #351713

Research Project: Exotic Whitefly Pests of Vegetables and Ornamental Plants

Location: Subtropical Insects and Horticulture Research

Title: Effect of foliar application of afidopyropen on Bemisia tabaci (MED whitefly) and Amblyseius swirskii, 2018

Author
item Kumar, Vivek - University Of Florida
item Mckenzie, Cindy
item Osborne, Lance - University Of Florida

Submitted to: Arthropod Management Tests
Publication Type: Other
Publication Acceptance Date: 6/27/2018
Publication Date: 7/5/2018
Citation: Kumar, V., McKenzie, C.L., Osborne, L.S. 2018. Effect of foliar application of afidopyropen on Bemisia tabaci (MED whitefly) and Amblyseius swirskii, 2018. Arthropod Management Tests. 43(1):G tsy071. 2p

Interpretive Summary: Bemisia tabaci is a whitefly pest of many vegetable and ornamental plants. We evaluated an insecticide called afidopyropen and a predaceous mite for whitefly control, and assessed compatibility of the insecticide with the mite. We found that the mite and afidopyropen can be used alone or in combination for effective whitefly control. These treatments are efficient alternatives to neonicotinoid insecticides frequently used by the growers for whitefly control.

Technical Abstract: Bemisia tabaci is a polyphagous pest known to feed on over 900 plant taxa, and is an effective vector of more than 100 plant damaging viruses. Among different biotypes of this cryptic species complex, MEAM1 and MED whitefly are the two most destructive members posing threats of several crops of economic importance. With the overall goal to integrate the predatory mite Amblyseius swirskii in the management program of MED whitefly, the specific objective of this study was to evaluate afidopyropen, a propene insecticide for whitefly control, and assess its compatibility with swirskii mite. The trial was conducted on an ornamental host, salvia under greenhouse conditions. Weekly samplings showed overlapping generations of Amblyseius swirskii on host plants throughout the study period indicating foliar application of afidopyropen at the applied rate was compatible with Amblyseius swirskii. No significant difference in Amblyseius swirskii eggs and motiles between mite treated and combination treatment were reported on any of the sampling dates (except wk 4 for motiles). In afidopyropen treatment, a significantly lower number of whitefly eggs, nymphs and adults compared to the untreated control was recorded on wk 1-7, wk 2-7, and wk 1, 3-7, respectively. Amblyseius swirskii releases were as effective as afidopyropen treatment in suppressing the number of whitefly, and numerically, combination treatment provided the best suppression in MED whitefly population. Overall whitefly immatures (eggs + nymphs) mortality in different treatments during seven weeks period, ranged between 3 and 100% (mean mortality = 77%) for Amblyseius swirskii, 74-93% (mean mortality = 85%) for afidopyropen, and 72-100% (mean mortality = 93%) for combination treatments.