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ARS Home » Northeast Area » Boston, Massachusetts » Jean Mayer Human Nutrition Research Center On Aging » Research » Publications at this Location » Publication #351571

Research Project: Nutrients, Aging, and Musculoskeletal Function

Location: Jean Mayer Human Nutrition Research Center On Aging

Title: Prevalence of osteoporosis and low bone mass among Puerto Rican older adults

Author
item Noel, Sabrina - University Of Massachusetts
item Mangano, Kelsey - University Of Massachusetts
item Griffith, John - Northeastern University
item Wright, Nicole - University Of Alabama
item Dawson-hughes, Bess - Jean Mayer Human Nutrition Research Center On Aging At Tufts University
item Tucker, Katherine - University Of Massachusetts

Submitted to: Journal of Bone and Mineral Research
Publication Type: Peer Reviewed Journal
Publication Acceptance Date: 10/16/2017
Publication Date: 10/17/2017
Citation: Noel, S.E., Mangano, K.M., Griffith, J.L., Wright, N.C., Dawson-Hughes, B., Tucker, K.L. 2017. Prevalence of osteoporosis and low bone mass among Puerto Rican older adults. Journal of Bone and Mineral Research. https://doi.org/10.1002/jbmr.3315.

Interpretive Summary: Historically, osteoporosis has not been considered a public health priority for the Hispanic population. However, recent data indicate that Mexican Americans are at increased risk for this chronic condition. There are currently few studies on bone health among Hispanic subgroups in the U.S. other than Mexican Americans. The current study aimed to determine the prevalence of osteoporosis and low bone mass among 953 Puerto Rican adults, aged 47 to 79 yr and living on the U.S. mainland and to compare the prevalence with other segments of the US population. We found that the prevalence of osteoporosis for Puerto Rican men was 8.6%, compared with 2.3% for non-Hispanic white, and 3.9% for Mexican American men. There were no significant differences between prevalence estimates for Puerto Rican women (10.7%), non-Hispanic white women (10.1%), and Mexican American women (16%). There is a need to understand specific factors contributing to osteoporosis in Puerto Rican adults, particularly among younger men. This study draws attention to the need to develop and utilize culturally and linguistically appropriate interventions to reduce the public health burden of this prevalent chronic condition in this Hispanic subgroup.

Technical Abstract: Historically, osteoporosis has not been considered a public health priority for the Hispanic population. However, recent data indicate that Mexican Americans are at increased risk for this chronic condition. Although it is well established that there is heterogeneity in social, lifestyle, and health-related factors among Hispanic subgroups, there are currently few studies on bone health among Hispanic subgroups other than Mexican Americans. The current study aimed to determine the prevalence of osteoporosis and low bone mass (LBM) among 953 Puerto Rican adults, aged 47 to 79 yr and living on the U.S. Mainland, using data from one of the largest cohorts on bone health in this population: The Boston Puerto Rican Osteoporosis Study (BPROS). Participants completed an interview to assess demographic and lifestyle characteristics and bone mineral density measures. To facilitate comparisons with national data, we calculated age-adjusted estimates for osteoporosis and LBM for Mexican American, non-Hispanic white and non-Hispanic black adults, aged >/= 50 years, from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. The overall prevalence of osteoporosis and LBM were 10.5% and 43.3% for the BPROS, respectively. For men, the highest prevalence of osteoporosis was among those aged 50-59 yr (11%) and lowest for men >/= 70 yr (3.7%). The age-adjusted prevalence of osteoporosis for Puerto Rican men was 8.6%, compared with 2.3% for non-Hispanic white, and 3.9% for Mexican American men. There were no statistical differences between age-adjusted estimates for Puerto Rican women (10.7%), non-Hispanic white women (10.1%) and for Mexican American women (16%). There is a need to understand specific factors contributing to osteoporosis in Puerto Rican adults, particularly younger men. This will provide important information to guide the development of culturally and linguistically tailored interventions to improve bone health in this understudied and high risk population.