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ARS Home » Midwest Area » Madison, Wisconsin » U.S. Dairy Forage Research Center » Cell Wall Biology and Utilization Research » Research » Publications at this Location » Publication #350753

Research Project: Investigating Microbial, Digestive, and Animal Factors to Increase Dairy Cow Performance and Nutrient Use Efficiency

Location: Cell Wall Biology and Utilization Research

Title: Effects of molasses and corn grain at 2 levels of ruminally degradable protein on lactating cow ruminal fermentation and rumen content mass

Author
item Zanton, Geoffrey
item Hall, Mary Beth

Submitted to: Meeting Abstract
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: 3/8/2018
Publication Date: 6/11/2018
Citation: Zanton, G.I., Hall, M. 2018. Effects of molasses and corn grain at 2 levels of ruminally degradable protein on lactating cow ruminal fermentation and rumen content mass. Journal of Dairy Science. 101(Suppl. 2): 94.

Interpretive Summary:

Technical Abstract: The objective of this study was to evaluate lactating dairy cow ruminal fermentation and rumen content mass with diets containing molasses (M) or finely ground dry corn grain at 3 levels of M (0, 5.25, 10.5% DM) and with differing levels of ruminally degradable protein (+RDP or –RDP). Twelve ruminally cannulated, multiparous Holstein cows (initial mean±SD: parity 2.25±0.62; 185±56 DIM; 41.3±6.3 kg milk) were allocated to treatment sequences in a split-plot, replicated 3x3 Latin square design with a 2x3 factorial arrangement of treatments. Experimental diets were individually fed to cows for ad libitum consumption and formulated to contain 35% corn silage and 20% alfalfa silage with +RDP formulated with a greater concentration of solvent soybean meal (SBM) and expellers SBM replacing a portion of solvent SBM in -RDP. Each period lasted 28 d; on d 21 and 28 of each period, rumen contents of all cows were evacuated, subsampled, and replaced beginning 6 h after feeding. On d 25-28 of each period, samples of rumen contents were taken at 4 or 6 h intervals to represent every 2 h. Data were analyzed in SAS with significance was declared at P<0.05 and trends at 0.05<P=0.10. Dry matter intake and production responses were not different among diets. Ruminal pH, organic acid concentration, and ammonia concentration were not affected by diet and followed a similar temporal distribution. Ruminal acetate molar percent linearly decreased and butyrate molar percent linearly increased with increasing levels of M. Ruminal free AA concentration was greater for +RDP and branched chain VFA concentration linearly declined with increasing M. Rumen content mass was greater for –RDP, which was due to greater quantities of rumen liquid. Ruminal acetate pool size was greater for -RDP and butyrate pool size linearly increased with M. Lactate pool size tended to be higher with +RDP. Under the conditions of this experiment, ruminal fermentation or rumen content mass were affected by level of M or RDP individually, but these diet characteristics were not detected to interact with each other.