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ARS Home » Plains Area » Clay Center, Nebraska » U.S. Meat Animal Research Center » Genetics, Breeding, and Animal Health Research » Research » Publications at this Location » Publication #346768

Research Project: Genetic Research to Enhance Efficient and Sustainable Production of Beef Cattle and Sheep

Location: Genetics, Breeding, and Animal Health Research

Title: Modeling growth from weaning to maturity in beef cattle breeds

Author
item Zimmermann, Madeline - University Of Nebraska
item Kuehn, Larry
item Spangler, Matthew - University Of Nebraska
item Thallman, Richard - Mark
item Snelling, Warren
item Lewis, Ronald - University Of Nebraska

Submitted to: World Congress of Genetics Applied in Livestock Production
Publication Type: Proceedings
Publication Acceptance Date: 10/9/2017
Publication Date: 5/7/2018
Citation: Zimmermann, M.J., Kuehn, L.A., Spangler, M.L., Thallman, R.M., Snelling, W.M., Lewis, R.M. 2018. Modeling growth from weaning to maturity in beef cattle breeds. In Proceedings World Congress of Genetics Applied in Livestock Production. 11-16 Feb 2018. Auckland, New Zealand. Volume Biology - Growth and Development p.689. Available: www.wcgalp.org.

Interpretive Summary:

Technical Abstract: To better understand growth trajectory and maturity differences between beef breeds, three models – Brody, spline, and quadratic – were fit to cow growth data, and resulting parameter estimates were evaluated for three breed categories – British, continental, and Brahman-influenced. The data were weight-age pairings from 4,721 cows from the U.S. Meat Animal Research Center Germplasm Evaluation Program. Parameters estimated were mature weight and maturing rate () from a Brody function, intercept for left and right segments and slope of the right segment of a linear spline, and (intercept; coinciding with weaning weight), (linear coefficient), and (quadratic coefficient) of a quadratic regression. Estimates of the coefficients from the fit of the quadratic regression and the spline function were both used to predict mature weight at six years old. All estimates were near 0.003 day-1. Mature weight estimates ranged from 594.4 to 746.0 kg. Direct heterotic effect of mature weight was estimated as 14.1 (' 2.8) kg. Weaning weight estimates ranged from 256.7 to 313.8 kg. From the fit of the three functions, British and Brahman-influenced breeds had similar weights at maturity while continental breeds were lightest. Conversely, at weaning, continental breeds were heaviest while British and Brahman-influenced breeds tended to be lighter and similar in weight. However, at neither maturity nor weaning did weights differ significantly among the breed categories. In future analyses, variance components will be estimated for mature weight, as well as individual breed and maternal heterotic effects.