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ARS Home » Southeast Area » Canal Point, Florida » Sugarcane Field Station » Research » Publications at this Location » Publication #343942

Research Project: Enhancement of Sugarcane Germplasm for Development of Stress Tolerant, High Yielding Cultivars

Location: Sugarcane Field Station

Title: Variation in growth, physiology, and yield of six sugarcane cultivars from across the globe in Florida

Author
item Singh, Maninder - Michigan State University
item Zhao, Duli
item Shine, James - Florida Sugarcane League
item Polacik, Kristen - Florida Sugarcane League
item Singels, Abraham - South African Sugarcane Research Institute

Submitted to: ASA-CSSA-SSSA Annual Meeting Abstracts
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: 7/11/2017
Publication Date: 10/25/2017
Citation: Singh, M., Zhao, D., Shine, J., Polacik, K., Singels, A. 2017. Variation in growth, physiology, and yield of six sugarcane cultivars from across the globe in Florida. ASA-CSSA-SSSA Annual Meeting Abstracts. Session 409, Poster No. 1222.

Interpretive Summary: N/A

Technical Abstract: Evaluation of sugarcane cultivars with diverse genetic background under similar location can help in better understanding cultivar response to environment and in identifying various physiological traits that could lead to improved yields. The objective of this study was to evaluate the growth, yield, and physiological responses of sugarcane cultivars from across the globe on organic soils in Florida, as part of the International Consortium of Sugarcane Modeler’s project on modeling worldwide genotype x environment interaction. Field trials were established at the Everglades Research and Education Centre in Belle Glade, Florida in 2013 to collect data for plant cane and first-ratoon cane crops. Six sugarcane cultivars from various sugarcane-growing regions of the world (CP 88-1762, HoCP 96-540, Q183, R570, N41, and NCo376) were established in a randomized complete block design with four replicates. In plant cane, Q183 showed earliest while R570 showed latest emergence. Q183 and R570 also had the greatest and lowest shoot populations in the early phase of growth. Normalized Difference Vegetation Index showed lower values in R570, NCo376, and N41 and higher values in Q183, CP 88-1762, and HoCP 96-540 during the early growing season. Cultivars showed variation in all physiological parameters throughout the season, with Q183 and R570 showing greatest while HoCP 96-540 the lowest transpiration efficiency, owing to the difference in their photosynthetic rates. HoCP 96-540 showed highest brown rust severity. Leaf relative chlorophyll level was greatest in NCo376 and lowest in HoCP 96-540. CP 88-1762 had highest cane and sucrose yield which were significantly greater than HoCP 96-540 and HoCP 96-540, N41, and NCo376, respectively. Results indicated the presence of variability among various parameters in the cultivars used in this study. This dataset will be used to calibrate and validate various sugarcane models (e.g. CANEGRO) to evaluate their ability to simulate genotype by environment interactions.