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Research Project: Integrated Research to Improve On-Farm Animal Health in Salmonid Aquaculture

Location: Cool and Cold Water Aquaculture Research

Title: Delineation of taxonomic species within complex of species: Aeromonas media and related species as a test case

Author
item Talagrand-reboul, Emilie - University Of Montpellier
item Roger, Frederic - University Of Montpellier
item Kimper, Jean-luc - University Of Montpellier
item Colston, Sophie - University Of Connecticut
item Graf, Joerg - University Of Connecticut
item Laftif-eugenin, Fadua - University Rovira I Virgili
item Figueras, Maria Jose - University Rovira I Virgili
item Petit, Fabienne - Centre National De La Recherche Scientifique
item Marchadin, Helene - University Of Montpellier
item Jumas-bilak, Estelle - University Of Montpellier
item Lamy, Brigitte - University Of Montpellier

Submitted to: Frontiers in Microbiology
Publication Type: Peer Reviewed Journal
Publication Acceptance Date: 3/27/2017
Publication Date: 4/18/2017
Citation: Talagrand-Reboul, E., Roger, F., Kimper, J., Colston, S.M., Graf, J., Laftif-Eugenin, F., Figueras, M., Petit, F., Marchadin, H., Jumas-Bilak, E., Lamy, B. 2017. Delineation of taxonomic species within complex of species: Aeromonas media and related species as a test case. Frontiers in Microbiology [serial online]. 8:621. https://doi.org/10.3389/fmicb.2017.00621.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3389/fmicb.2017.00621

Interpretive Summary: Aeromonas media is an opportunistic pathogen that can cause disease in trout. It is mainly found in aquatic habitats and is known to exhibit significant genomic and phenotypic heterogeneities. Our goals were to better understand the population structure and diversity of strains currently affiliated to A. media and the related species A. rivipollensis. Improving the taxonomic understanding is important for aiding the identification of virulent strains. Forty-one strains were included in a population study integrating multilocus genetics, phylogenetics, and comparative genomics, as well as phenotypics, lifestyle, and evolutionary features. Sixteen gene-based multilocus phylogeny delineated three clades that corresponded to different genomic groups or genomospecies defined by phylogenomic metrics ANI (average nucleotide identity) and isDDH (in silico DNA-DNA hybridization). This allowed the distinction of the two species Aeromonas media and Aeromonas rivipollensis. The description of these two species was emended accordingly. The genome metrics and comparative genomics suggested that a third clade is a distinct genomospecies. Particular lifestyles and phenotypes as well as major differences in evolution modes may represent putative factors associated with lineage emergence and speciation within the A. media complex. This study will lay the foundation for an improved understanding of fish-pathogenic Aeromonads.

Technical Abstract: Aeromonas media is an opportunistic pathogen for human and animals mainly found in aquatic habitats and which has been noted for significant genomic and phenotypic heterogeneities. We aimed to better understand the population structure and diversity of strains currently affiliated to A. media and the related species A. rivipollensis. Forty-one strains were included in a population study integrating, multilocus genetics, phylogenetics, comparative genomics, as well as phenotypics, lifestyle, and evolutionary features. Sixteen gene-based multilocus phylogeny delineated three clades. Clades corresponded to different genomic groups or genomospecies defined by phylogenomic metrics ANI (average nucleotide identity) and isDDH (in silico DNADNA hybridization) on 14 whole genome sequences. DL-lactate utilization, cefoxitin susceptibility, nucleotide signatures, ribosomal multi-operon diversity, and differences in relative effect of recombination and mutation (i.e., in evolution mode) distinguished the two species Aeromonas media and Aeromonas rivipollensis. The description of these two species was emended accordingly. The genome metrics and comparative genomics suggested that a third clade is a distinct genomospecies. Beside the species delineation, genetic and genomic data analysis provided a more comprehensive knowledge of the cladogenesis determinants at the root and inside A. media species complex among aeromonads. Particular lifestyles and phenotypes as well as major differences in evolution modes may represent putative factors associated with lineage emergence and speciation within the A. media complex. Finally, the integrative and populational approach presented in this study is considered broadly inorder to conciliate the delineation of taxonomic species and thepopulation structure in bacterial genera organized in species complexes.