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ARS Home » Northeast Area » Boston, Massachusetts » Jean Mayer Human Nutrition Research Center On Aging » Research » Publications at this Location » Publication #343124

Research Project: Nutrition, Brain, and Aging

Location: Jean Mayer Human Nutrition Research Center On Aging

Title: Raspberry differentially improves age-related declines in psychomotor function dependent on baseline motor ability

Author
item Shukitt-hale, Barbara
item Thangthaeng, Nopporn
item Kelly, Megan
item Smith, Donald - Jean Mayer Human Nutrition Research Center On Aging At Tufts University
item Miller, Marshall

Submitted to: Food & Function
Publication Type: Peer Reviewed Journal
Publication Acceptance Date: 11/13/2017
Publication Date: 11/23/2017
Publication URL: http://handle.nal.usda.gov/10113/5883112
Citation: Shukitt Hale, B., Thangthaeng, N., Kelly, M.E., Smith, D.E., Miller, M.G. 2017. Raspberry differentially improves age-related declines in psychomotor function dependent on baseline motor ability. Food & Function. 8:4752-4759. http://dx.doi.org/10.1039/c7fo00894e.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1039/c7fo00894e

Interpretive Summary: Previous studies in our laboratory have demonstrated that berry supplementation improves the age-related declines in balance, muscle strength, and coordination that often lead to falls among older adults. The purpose of this study was to explore the daily intake of raspberry required to improve/preserve motor function. Old male rats (17 months) were tested for balance, muscle strength, and coordination, and divided into good, average, and poor performers based on their scores. Then, rats in each category were fed with either an unsupplemented (control) diet or a diet supplemented with 1% or 2% raspberry for 8 weeks, and then retested for motor function (post-diet). Poor performers fed with 1% or 2% raspberry had higher post-diet scores, while 2% raspberry lowered post-diet scores in the good performers, compared to control-fed rats. 1% and 2% raspberry appeared to preserve the performance of good performers and improve the performance of poor performers on a test of balance, while 2% raspberry improved post-diet grip strength of the poor performers.

Technical Abstract: Among older adults, falls are a leading cause of distress, pain, injury, loss of confidence, and ultimately, loss of independence and death. Previous studies in our laboratory have demonstrated that berry supplementation improves the age-related declines in balance, muscle strength, and coordination that often lead to falls, even when initiated later in life. The purpose of this study was to explore the interaction between baseline motor performance and the daily intake of raspberry required to improve/preserve motor function. Aged male F344 (17 mo) rats were tested for baseline (pre-test) balance, muscle strength, and coordination, and divided into good, average, and poor performers based on their motor composite score. Rats in each category were fed with either a control, 1%, or 2% raspberry-supplemented diet for 8 weeks and then retested (post-test). Poor performers fed with 1% or 2% raspberry had higher post-test composite scores (p < 0.05), while 2% raspberry lowered post-test composite scores in the good performers (p < 0.05), compared to control-fed rats. 1% and 2% raspberry appeared to preserve the performance of good performers and improve the performance of poor performers on plank walking (p< 0.05), while 2% raspberry improved post-test grip strength of the poor performers (p<0.05). Additionally, rats with lower post-diet composition scores had higher levels of serum IL-1 beta levels (r = -0.347, p < 0.05). These findings identified poor performers as being the most likely to benefit from daily consumption of ½-2 cups of raspberry to improve/preserve motor function.