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ARS Home » Northeast Area » Kearneysville, West Virginia » Appalachian Fruit Research Laboratory » Innovative Fruit Production, Improvement, and Protection » Research » Publications at this Location » Publication #340169

Title: Halyomorpha halys (Stal)

item HAMILTON, GEORGE - Rutgers University
item AHN, JEONG JOON - West Virginia University
item BU, WENJUN - Nankai University
item Leskey, Tracy
item NIELSEN, ANNE - Rutgers University
item PARK, YONG-LAK - West Virginia University
item RABITSCH, WOLFGANG - University Of Vienna
item Hoelmer, Kim

Submitted to: Book Chapter
Publication Type: Book / Chapter
Publication Acceptance Date: 9/2/2016
Publication Date: N/A
Citation: N/A

Interpretive Summary:

Technical Abstract: Halyomorpha halys (Stål), the brown marmorated stink bug, is a pentatomid species native to Asia, specifically China, Japan, Korea, Myanmar, Taiwan, and Vietnam. In its native range, it can go through from one to three or more generations per year and potentially, can build up in high numbers. It is considered a nuisance pest in urban areas because of its overwintering behavior and a periodic pest of agricultural crops such as apples, Asian pears, soybeans, and various Asian vegetables. With the increased movement of people and cargo, and the increase in trade between Asia and other parts of the world, H. halys has been found hitchhiking in air freight, shipping cargo, and passenger luggage. It is believed to have entered the United States in the mid-1990s via either the port of Manhattan, Elizabeth, or Philadelphia, and subsequently, was transported to Allentown, Pennsylvania. Once there, populations slowly grew until they reached the point where the bugs became urban nuisance pests because of their presence in homes and buildings during the late fall and winter. As the Allentown population continued to grow, damage began to occur in surrounding agricultural areas and across the Delaware River in Pittstown, New Jersey, as early as 2006. In 2009 and 2010, H. halys became a severe urban nuisance and agricultural problem in the mid-Atlantic areas of the United States. Since then, it has been detected and/or established in over 41 states and the District of Columbia in the United States, has been detected in British Columbia and Ontario, Canada, and has established populations in Ontario. Outside North America, it has been found in shipments from the United States and Asia to New Zealand and Australia, has been detected or become established in several European countries, and has become an agricultural pest in northern Italy. Management of Halyomorpha halys should continue to improve in invaded areas. The development of conservation biological control options such as companion plantings (i.e., the practice of planting flowering plants in conjunction with crops to attract and retain natural enemies in infested fields) and trap crops, and the identification, release and manipulation of biological agents should reduce the use of current broad-spectrum insecticides to control this bug, which are disrupting historical integrated pest management (IPM) programs in agricultural systems such as tree fruit. The establishment of Asian egg parasitoids such as Trissolcus japonicus, whether due to adventive or deliberate introductions following regulatory review, should help suppress H. halys populations in habitats that cannot be actively managed. The identification of more effective, selective insecticides also will improve management and reduce current environmental issues.