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ARS Home » Southeast Area » Canal Point, Florida » Sugarcane Field Station » Research » Publications at this Location » Publication #333491

Research Project: Enhancement of Sugarcane Germplasm for Development of Stress Tolerant, High Yielding Cultivars

Location: Sugarcane Field Station

Title: Biomass Composition and Mineral Removal of Sugarcane and Energy Cane on a Sand Soil in Florida

Author
item Zhao, Duli
item IREY, MIKE - Us Sugar Corporation
item LABORDE, CHRIS - Us Sugar Corporation
item HU, CHEN-JIAN - Us Sugar Corporation

Submitted to: ASA-CSSA-SSSA Annual Meeting Abstracts
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: 9/16/2016
Publication Date: 11/4/2016
Citation: Zhao, D., Irey, M., Laborde, C., Hu, C. 2016. Biomass Composition and Mineral Removal of Sugarcane and Energy Cane on a Sand Soil in Florida. ASA-CSSA-SSSA Annual Meeting Abstracts. P458-1309.

Interpretive Summary:

Technical Abstract: Approximately 20% of Sugarcane is grown on sand soils in south Florida, but yields and profits are lower compared to sugarcane grown on organic soils in the region. Energy cane may be an alternative crop on sand soils in the future to improve profits because of the growing interest of increased biomass for energy. A field study was conducted on a sand soil in Clewiston, FL to determine biomass composition and mineral nutrient removal for sugarcane and energy cane. Two commercial sugarcane cultivars (CP 78-1628 and CP 80-1743) and two energy cane clones (US 78-1013, US 84-1066) were planted in late October 2010. Data were collected on plant-cane, first-ratoon, and second-ratoon crops in 2011-2013. Above ground dry biomass (DBM), biomass composition, and mineral concentration were determined when plants reached maturity in December. Averaged across the three crops, energy cane had 26% higher DBM yield, 65% lower nonstructural carbohydrate (hexose and sucrose) concentrations, and significantly higher concentrations of cellulose, hemicelluloses and lignin in DBM than sugarcane. Compared to sugarcane, energy cane had significantly higher tissue concentrations of N, K, Ca, Mg, S, Si, Cu, Mn and B; but lower Zn. There were no differences between energy cane and sugarcane in tissue P and Fe concentrations. Due to the combine effect of higher DBM and higher concentrations in tissue, energy cane removed more N, K, Ca, Mg, S, Si, and Cu from the soil than sugarcane. These results indicated that there are significant differences between sugarcane and energy cane in carbohydrate accumulation and partitioning as well as mineral concentrations and uptake.