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ARS Home » Northeast Area » Kearneysville, West Virginia » Appalachian Fruit Research Laboratory » Innovative Fruit Production, Improvement, and Protection » Research » Publications at this Location » Publication #332447

Research Project: Genetic Improvement of Fruit Crops through Functional Genomics and Breeding

Location: Innovative Fruit Production, Improvement, and Protection

Title: SacB-SacR gene cassette as the negative selection marker to suppress Agrobacterium overgrowth in Agrobacterium-mediated plant transformation

Author
item Liu, Yiming - Virginia Tech
item Miao, Jiamin - Virginia Tech
item Traore, Sy - Virginia Tech
item Kong, Danyu - Virginia Tech
item Liu, Yi - Virginia Tech
item Zhang, Xunzhong - Virginia Tech
item Nimchuk, Zachary - University Of North Carolina
item Liu, Zongrang
item Zhao, Bingyu - Virginia Tech

Submitted to: Frontiers in Molecular Biosciences
Publication Type: Research Notes
Publication Acceptance Date: 10/7/2016
Publication Date: 10/26/2016
Citation: Liu, Y., Miao, J., Traore, S., Kong, D., Liu, Y., Zhang, X., Nimchuk, Z., Liu, Z., Zhao, B. 2016. SacB-SacR gene cassette as the negative selection marker to suppress Agrobacterium overgrowth in Agrobacterium-mediated plant transformation. Frontiers in Molecular Biosciences. 3(70):1-9.

Interpretive Summary:

Technical Abstract: Agrobacterium overgrowth is a common problem in Agrobacterium-mediated plant transformation. To suppress the Agrobacterium overgrowth, various antibiotics have been used during plant tissue culture steps. The antibiotics are expensive and may adversely affect plant cell differentiation and reduce plant transformation efficiency. The SacB-SacR proteins are toxic to most Agrobacterium tumefaciens strains when they are grown on culture medium supplemented with sucrose. Therefore, SacB-SacR genes can be used as negative selection markers to suppress the overgrowth of Agrobacterium tumefaciens in the plant tissue culture process. We generated a mutant Agrobacterium tumefaciens strain GV2260 (recA-SacB/R) that has the SacB-SacR cassette inserted into the bacterial genome at the recA gene locus. The mutant Agrobacterium strain is sensitive to sucrose but maintains its ability to transform plant cells in both transient and stable transformation assays. We demonstrated that the mutant strain GV2260 (recA-SacB/R) can be inhibited by sucrose that reduces the overgrowth of Agrobacterium and therefore, improves the plant transformation efficiency. We employed GV2260 (recA-SacB/R) to generate stable transgenic tobacco plants expressing a CRISPR-Cas9 for knocking out a WRKY transcription factor.