Submitted to: Book Chapter
Publication Type: Book / Chapter
Publication Acceptance Date: 8/10/2016
Publication Date: 10/1/2017
Citation: Schneider, D.A. 2017. Scrapie. Book Chapter. SchneiderDA. 2017. Scrapie,In Chase CCL,Wiley & Sons, Inc. p. 738-740.
Interpretive Summary: “Scrapie” is a chapter in the Ruminant series of “Blackwell's Five-Minute Veterinary Consult”. Published by John Wiley & Sons, Inc., this series provides concise and authoritative essential information for quick-reference by practicing veterinarians and students. The chapter on scrapie has been revised and updated in this second edition of the Ruminant series.
Technical Abstract: Prion diseases are a heterogeneous group of transmissible spongiform encephalopathies (TSEs) that affect a variety of mammals, causing a slowly progressive and ultimately fatal, degenerative disease of the brain. Classical scrapie, commonly just referred to as ‘scrapie’, is a naturally transmissible prion disease of domestic sheep and goats. Scrapie is endemic in many regions of the world. It is listed as a notifiable disease by the World Organization for Animal Health (OIE) and is subject to national eradication and control efforts. In the United States, scrapie was first reported in 1947 in an imported sheep. Today, efforts to eradicate scrapie in US sheep and goats is addressed by the National Scrapie Eradication Program (NSEP).