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Research Project: Childhood Obesity Prevention

Location: Children's Nutrition Research Center

Title: Are the physical activity parenting practices reported by U.S. and Canadian parents captured in currently published instruments?

Author
item Masse, Louise - University Of British Columbia
item O'connor, Teresia - Children'S Nutrition Research Center (CNRC)
item Tu, Andrew - University Of British Columbia
item Watts, Allison - University Of British Columbia
item Beauchamp, Mark - University Of British Columbia
item Hughes, Sheryl - Children'S Nutrition Research Center (CNRC)
item Baranowski, Tom - Children'S Nutrition Research Center (CNRC)

Submitted to: Journal of Physical Activity and Health
Publication Type: Review Article
Publication Acceptance Date: 4/22/2016
Publication Date: 6/2/2016
Citation: Masse, L.C., O'Connor, T.M., Tu, A.W., Watts, A.W., Beauchamp, M., Hughes, S.O., Baranowski, T. 2016. Are the physical activity parenting practices reported by U.S. and Canadian parents captured in currently published instruments? Journal of Physical Activity and Health. doi: 10.1123/jpah.2016-0012.

Interpretive Summary:

Technical Abstract: The purpose of this study was to compare the physical activity parenting practices (PAPPs) parents report using with the PAPPs incorporated in the published literature. PAPPs in the literature were identified by reviewing the content of 74 published PAPPs measures obtained from current systematic reviews supplemented with a literature search. Types of PAPPs used by parents were identified by surveying a stratified sample of 134 Canadian and US parents of 5-12 year-old children. Items from the literature and parent responses were coded using the same coding scheme. Differences between the PAPPs emphasized by the parents and the literature were examined. Parents significantly emphasized different issues than what is measured in the literature (p<.001). Parents emphasized more control (13.6% vs 6.9%), modeling and teaching (13.2% vs 9.2%), and structural strategies (32.2% vs 28.6%) and less autonomy support (11.8% vs 14.0%), logistical support (9.9% vs 12.8%) and responsiveness strategies (19.3% vs 28.5%). Physical activity practices most often employed by parents are not the ones emphasized in current measures. The extent to which putting more emphasis on the areas identified by parents will increase the predictive validity of the measures warrants further examination.