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ARS Home » Southeast Area » Mayaguez, Puerto Rico » Tropical Crops and Germplasm Research » Research » Publications at this Location » Publication #318504

Research Project: Management Strategies to Improve Subtropical/Tropical Fruit Crop Production

Location: Tropical Crops and Germplasm Research

Title: Development of the yellow common bean germplasm PR1146-138

Author
item Beaver, James - University Of Puerto Rico
item Prophete, E. - Ministry Of Agriculture-Haiti
item Demostenes, G. - Ministry Of Agriculture-Haiti
item Porch, Timothy - Tim

Submitted to: Meeting Abstract
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: 4/15/2015
Publication Date: N/A
Citation: N/A

Interpretive Summary: The yellow bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) is an important market class in Haiti. There have been, however, no previous attempts to genetically improve this seed type for the Caribbean. Landrace varieties of yellow beans in Haiti are susceptible to Bean golden yellow mosaic virus (BGYMV) and bean common mosaic virus (BCMV), which are important dry bean diseases in the region. Leafhopper (Empoasca kraemeri Ross and Moore) can cause significant yield loss, especially when common beans are planted during periods of low precipitation. The development of dry bean cultivars with enhanced levels of resistance to diseases and pests is an important goal of theUniversity of Puerto Rico (UPR) and the National Seed Service in Haiti. PR1146­138 is a multiple virus and pest resistant bean germplasm line adapted to the humid tropics that was developed and released cooperatively in 2015 by the UPR Agricultural Experiment Station, the USDA­ARS, and the National Seed Service of the Ministry of Agriculture, Natural Resources and Rural Development of the Republic of Haiti.

Technical Abstract: The yellow bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) is an important market class in Haiti. There have been, however, no previous attempts to genetically improve this seed type for the Caribbean. Landrace varieties of yellow beans in Haiti are susceptible to Bean golden yellow mosaic virus (BGYMV) and bean common mosaic virus (BCMV), which are important dry bean diseases in the region. Leafhopper (Empoasca kraemeri Ross and Moore) can cause significant yield loss, especially when common beans are planted during periods of low precipitation. The development of dry bean cultivars with enhanced levels of resistance to diseases and pests is an important goal of theUniversity of Puerto Rico (UPR) and the National Seed Service in Haiti. PR1146­138 is a multiple virus and pest resistant bean germplasm line adapted to the humid tropics that was developed and released cooperatively in 2015 by the UPR Agricultural Experiment Station, the USDA­ARS, and the National Seed Service of the Ministry of Agriculture, Natural Resources and Rural Development of the Republic of Haiti.