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Research Project: Management and Characterization of Citrus and Date Genetic Resources and Associated Information

Location: National Clonal Germplasm Repository for Citrus

Title: Ancient population structure in Phoenix dactylifera revealed by genome-wide genotyping of geographically diverse date palm cultivars

Author
item MATHEW, L - Weill Medical College - Cornell
item SEIDEL, M - Helmholtz Centre
item SPANNAGL, M - Helmholtz Centre
item TORRES, M - Weill Medical College - Cornell
item Krueger, Robert
item HABERER, G - Helmholtz Centre
item MAYER, K - Helmholtz Centre
item SHURE, K - Weill Medical College - Cornell
item MOHAMOUD, Y - Weill Medical College - Cornell
item MALEK, J - Weill Medical College - Cornell

Submitted to: Plant and Animal Genome
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: 11/14/2014
Publication Date: 1/9/2015
Publication URL: https://pag.confex.com/pag/xxiii/webprogram/Paper14687.html
Citation: Mathew, L.S., Seidel, M., Spannagl, M., Torres, M.F., Krueger, R., Haberer, G., Mayer, K., Shure, K., Mohamoud, Y.A., Malek, J. 2015. Ancient Population Structure in Phoenix dactylifera Revealed B Genome-Wide Genotyping of Geographically Diverse Date Palm Cultivars. Plant and Animal Genome. 1:W559.

Interpretive Summary:

Technical Abstract: The date palm was one of the earliest cultivated fruit trees and is intimately tied to the history of human migration. With no true known wild ancestor little is known about the genetic origins and the effect of human cultivation on the date palm. Recent genome projects have just begun to provide the foundation for detailed genetic analysis of the date palm. We applied a modified version of genotyping-by-sequencing to geographically diverse samples of date palm cultivars. For the first time we have generated genome-wide genotypes for between 13,000 and 65,000 SNPs in 70 female cultivars of date palm. Here we confirm that date palm cultivars show at minimum two major genetic backgrounds originating in North Africa and the Arabian Gulf. Cultivars at the boundaries of the two major regions show admixture and may ultimately reveal a third site of domestication. We observe more frequent allele fixation on the recently described X chromosome than on autosomes. We also identify regions of the genome with high levels of geographically segregating SNPs and functionally analyze genes in these regions. Our data supports the recent observations that date palm cultivars show at least two major genetic backgrounds. The data contradicts earlier theories of a single domestication event in the Arabian Gulf. These studies will lead to a clearer understanding of history of human civilization and help design more effective genotype-phenotype studies in the date palm.