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Title: Effects of dietary blueberry on cognition and in vivo and in vitro inflammatory status

item Miller, Marshall
item Fisher, Derek
item KELLY, MEGAN - Providence College
item BIELINSKI, DONNA - Jean Mayer Human Nutrition Research Center On Aging At Tufts University
item Shukitt-Hale, Barbara

Submitted to: Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology Conference
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: 1/28/2015
Publication Date: 4/1/2015
Citation: Miller, M.G., Fisher, D.R., Kelly, M.E., Bielinski, D.F., Shukitt Hale, B. 2015. Effects of dietary blueberry on cognition and in vivo and in vitro inflammatory status. Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology Conference. 29:900.2.

Interpretive Summary:

Technical Abstract: Chronic inflammation is thought to play a role in age-related cognitive decline. Previous studies from our laboratory have shown that dietary intervention with darkly pigmented berry fruit can reduce systemic and central biomarkers of inflammation while reversing behavioral impairments in aged rats. In the present study, older men and women (60-75 years old) were recruited for a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial, in which they consumed freeze-dried blueberry (BB) powder or a seemingly identical, placebo for 90 days. Blood samples were collected on intervention days 0, 45, and 90 when participants visited the center to complete a battery of cognitive tests. Participants that consumed the BB powder significantly (p < 0.05) reduced the number of errors made on a task switching test over the course of the intervention. Based on this test, participants with high or low error rates were selected from each intervention group, and their fasted serum was used to treat HAPI rat microglial cells, in vitro, for 8 hours prior to an overnight lipopolysaccharide (LPS) challenge. While no difference in TNF-a was observed between the sera from the two groups, cells that were treated with serum from participants that consumed BB showed decreased levels of LPS-induced inflammatory stress-mediated signals, e.g., TNF-a, relative to placebo (p < 0.05). In vitro inflammatory response in the HAPI cells reflected cognitive performance among participants. These findings suggest that dietary intervention with blueberry may be able to delay or reverse age- related cognitive decline by reducing neuroinflammation.