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Research Project: Childhood Obesity Prevention

Location: Children's Nutrition Research Center

Title: Predicting use of ineffective vegetable parenting practices with the Model of Goal Directed Behavior

Author
item Baranowski, Tom - Children'S Nutrition Research Center (CNRC)
item Beltran, Alicia - Children'S Nutrition Research Center (CNRC)
item Chen, Tzu - Children'S Nutrition Research Center (CNRC)
item Thompson, Deborah - Debbe
item O'connor, Teresia - Children'S Nutrition Research Center (CNRC)
item Hughes, Sheryl - Children'S Nutrition Research Center (CNRC)
item Diep, Cassandra - Children'S Nutrition Research Center (CNRC)
item Baranowski, Janice - Children'S Nutrition Research Center (CNRC)

Submitted to: Meeting Abstract
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: 3/1/2014
Publication Date: 5/22/2014
Citation: Baranowski, T., Beltran, A., Chen, T.A., Thompson, D.J., O'Connor, T., Hughes, S., Diep, C., Baranowski, J. 2014. Predicting use of ineffective vegetable parenting practices with the Model of Goal Directed Behavior [abstract]. International Society of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity Annual Conference, May 21-24, 2014, San Diego, California. Poster P302.

Interpretive Summary:

Technical Abstract: Increasing a parent's ability to influence a child's vegetable intake may require reducing the parent's use of ineffective vegetable parenting practices (IVPP). To understand the influences on IVPP, this study modeled use of IVPP using validated scales from a Model of Goal Directed Vegetable Parenting Practices (MGDVPP) from a cross-sectional internet survey. Parents of 307 preschool (3-5 y) children were recruited through announcements. The dependent variable was a composite IVPP index. The independent variables included validated subscales of intention, habit, perceived barriers, desire, competence, autonomy, relatedness, attitudes, norms, perceived behavioral control, and anticipated emotions. Models were analyzed using block regression with backward deletion. Variables significantly positively related to IVPP in order of relationship strength included habit of controlling vegetable practices (standardized Beta = 0.349, p < 0.0001) and desire (standardized Beta = 0.117, p = 0.025). Variables significantly negatively related to IVPP included perceived behavioral control of negative parenting practices (standardized Beta = -0.215, p < 0.000), the habit of active child involvement in V selection (standardized Beta = -0.142, p = 0.008), anticipated negative parent emotional response to child V refusal (standardized Beta = -0.133, p = 0.009), autonomy (standardized Beta = -0.118, p = 0.014), attitude about negative effects of vegetables (standardized Beta = -0.118, p = 0.015), and descriptive norms (standardized Beta = -0.103, p = 0.032). The model accounted for 40.5% of the variance in use of IVPP. Innovative intervention procedures will need to be designed and tested to reduce IVPP.