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ARS Home » Southeast Area » Canal Point, Florida » Sugarcane Field Station » Research » Publications at this Location » Publication #308178

Research Project: Enhancement of Sugarcane Germplasm for Development of Stress Tolerant, High Yielding Cultivars

Location: Sugarcane Field Station

Title: Registration of 'UFCP 78-1013' Sugarcane

Author
item Sandhu, Hardev - University Of Florida
item Comstock, Jack
item Gilbert, Robert - University Of Florida
item Gordon, Vanessa
item Kornforfer, Pedro - Florida Crystals Corporation
item El-hout, Nael - Bp Biofuels North America, Llc
item Arundale, Rebecca - Bp Biofuels North America, Llc

Submitted to: Journal of Plant Registrations
Publication Type: Peer Reviewed Journal
Publication Acceptance Date: 5/29/2015
Publication Date: 8/21/2015
Citation: Sandhu, H.S., Comstock, J.C., Gilbert, R.A., Gordon, V.S., Kornforfer, P., El-Hout, N., Arundale, R. 2015. Registration of 'UFCP 78-1013' Sugarcane. Journal of Plant Registrations. 9(3):318-324.doi:10.3198/jpr2014.08.0050crc

Interpretive Summary: Energy cane is a relatively new generation of energy crops being bred as a source for biofuel feedstock and ethanol production. Current energy cane breeding strategies have focused on selecting high biomass hybrids from wide crosses between commercial sugarcane cultivars and S. spontaneum, which is characterized by high stalk counts and fiber content, excellent ratooning ability, and tolerances to abiotic and biotic pressures. A cooperative energy cane cultivar development program has been established between the USDA-ARS Sugarcane Field Station (Canal Point, Florida), the University of Florida-EREC (Belle Glade, Florida), and BP Biofuels North America, LLC (Houston, Texas) to produce high-yielding, and disease-resistant cultivars. As a result of four years of testing, energy cane cultivar UFCP78-1013 was developed in Florida and released this year. Yields of the new cultivar are comparable to, or exceed L79-1002 (released in 2008); but are not quite as robust as Ho02-113 (released in 2013). The UFCP78-1013 cultivar will provide a new source of energy cane.

Technical Abstract: Sugarcane (a complex hybrid of Saccharum sp.) cultivar UFCP 78-1013 (Reg. no. ) was developed through the collaborative effort of the University of Florida (UF) and the United States Department of Agriculture-Agricultural Research Services (USDA-ARS), Canal Point (CP) for its potential use in cellulosic ethanol production in Florida. UFCP 78-1013 has high biomass, which is the most favorable characteristic of a potential feedstock for cellulosic ethanol production. Averaged across eight location-years of field trials, mean dry biomass yield of UFCP 78-1013 was approximately 12.3% greater than the reference check, L 79-1002. Plant composition of UFCP 78-1013 is very similar to L 79-1002. The parents for UFCP 78-1013 are the sugarcane cultivar, CP 68-1067 (female parent) and S. spontaneum line SES 602 (male parent). UFCP 78-1013 has moderate to high resistance against smut (caused by Sporisorium scitamineum) with significantly lower infestation compared to L79-1002, both under natural environmental conditions and artificial inoculations. UFCP 78-1013 didn’t have any natural infestation of brown rust (caused by Puccinia melanocephala H. and P. Sydow), orange rust (caused by P. kuehnii), mosaic (caused by Sugarcane mosaic virus) and leaf scald [Xanthomonas albilinenas (Ashby) Dawson]. UFCP 78-1013 is released to be cultivated for cellulosic ethanol production on marginal or sandy soils of Florida.