Location: Fruit and Tree Nut ResearchTitle: Development and validation of standard area diagrams as assessment aids for estimating the severity of citrus canker on unripe oranges
|BRAIDO, R - University Of Maringa|
|GONZALVES-ZUILANI, ALINE - University Of Maringa|
|CARVALHO, SERGIO - Agronomical Institute Of Campinas (IAC)|
|BELASQUE, J - Universidad De Sao Paulo|
|NUNES, WILLIAM - University Of Maringa|
Submitted to: Phytopathology
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: 5/9/2014
Publication Date: 11/1/2018
Citation: Braido, R., Gonzalves-Zuilani, A.M., Carvalho, S.A., Belasque, J., Bock, C.H., Nunes, W.M. 2018. Development and validation of standard area diagrams as assessment aids for estimating the severity of citrus canker on unripe oranges [abstract]. Phytopathology. 104:S3.18.
Technical Abstract: Canker (caused by Xanthomonas citri subsp. citri) is an important disease of citrus in Brazil and elsewhere in the world, and can cause severe disease on the fruit. The severity of citrus canker of fruit must often be estimated visually. The objective of this research was to construct and validate standard area diagram sets (SADs) as assessment aids for raters to improve the accuracy and reliability of visual estimates of citrus canker on unripe fruit of sweet orange. Two SADs were constructed. A 5-diagram SADs had five severities depicted (0.5, 2.0, 8.0, 27.0 and 40.0%) and a 6-diagram SADs had six severities depicted (0.5, 1.0, 3.0, 9.0, 20.0 and 40.0%). Fifteen raters evaluated 40 images of cankered, unripe fruit. Both the 5- and 6-diagram SADs significantly improved the accuracy and reliability of estimates. Agreement, measured by Lin’s concordance correlation coefficient was 0.220 to 0.913 when not using SADs, 0.814 to 0.955 when using 5-diagram SADs, and 0.863 to 0.925 when using 6-diagram SADs. The 5-diagram SAD set was significantly more accurate and reliable compared to the 6-diagram set. Possible reasons for this are discussed. Based on the results, the 5-diagram SADs is preferable to use. Although the SAD was developed for sweet orange, it doubtless has applicability to other citrus, including grapefruit. These SADs should be useful for research and disease management where accurate and reliable estimates of the severity of citrus canker are sought.