|INFANTE, FRANCISCO - Ecosur|
|JOHNSON, ANDREW - University Of Florida|
Submitted to: Book Chapter
Publication Type: Book / Chapter
Publication Acceptance Date: 11/25/2013
Publication Date: 1/1/2015
Citation: Vega, F.E., Infante, F., Johnson, A.J. 2015. The genus Hypothenemus, with emphasis on H. hampei, the coffee berry borer. In: Vega, F.E., Hofstetter, R., Bark Beetles: Biology and Ecology of Native and Invasive Species. San Diego, CA: Academic Press. p. 427-494.
Technical Abstract: The genus Hypothenemus consists of approximately 180 species that occur worldwide throughout the tropics and in warm temperate areas. Female Hypothenemus adults burrow into their host plant and deposit eggs within galleries. All species in the genus are quite small (0.6-2.8 mm) and exhibit inbreeding (sibling mating) within the galleries as well as sexual dimorphism, i.e., males are flightless and smaller than females. The coffee berry borer (Hypothenemus hampei) is the most damaging of all Hypothenemus species and attacks coffee plants worldwide. Damage caused by the coffee berry borer commences after adult females bore a hole in the coffee berry and lay their eggs in internal galleries, followed by larvae feeding within galleries in the endosperm, i.e., the coffee seed, which is the marketable product. This chapter will introduce the reader to the genus Hypothenemus and will focus on the coffee berry borer, covering various aspects related to genetics, biology, ecology, biological control, laboratory rearing, and field sampling.