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ARS Home » Pacific West Area » Corvallis, Oregon » National Clonal Germplasm Repository » Research » Publications at this Location » Publication #292530

Research Project: Management of Temperate-Adapted Fruit, Nut, and Specialty Crop Genetic Resources and Associated Information

Location: National Clonal Germplasm Repository

Title: Sambucus genetic resources at the U.S. National Clonal Germplasm Repository [Abstract]

Author
item Bushakra, Jill
item Bassil, Nahla
item Finn, Chad
item Hummer, Kim

Submitted to: Symposium Proceedings
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: 4/14/2013
Publication Date: 7/14/2013
Citation: Bushakra, J., Bassil, N.V., Finn, C.E., Hummer, K.E. 2013. Sambucus genetic resources at the U.S. National Clonal Germplasm Repository [Abstract]. Symposium Proceedings. 1061:135-145.

Interpretive Summary: The US Department of Agriculture (USDA), Agricultural Research Service (ARS), National Clonal Germplasm Repository (NCGR) in Corvallis, Oregon, maintains an elderberry germplasm collection representing 7 of the 9 major world elderberry species. The priority emphasis of the collection is to maintain diverse species and edible fruited cultivars. The genebank collection includes about 50 cultivars from 30 different countries, including selections valued for their fruit characteristics, as well as ornamental gold, purple, and cut-leaf forms. Cultivars are maintained both in a field collection and as stored seed. Various plant traits and fruit chemistry components have been evaluated for some American elderberry selections. The place of origin and evaluation information is publically accessible through the Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN) database.

Technical Abstract: The US Department of Agriculture (USDA), Agricultural Research Service (ARS), National Clonal Germplasm Repository (NCGR) in Corvallis, Oregon, maintains an elderberry (Sambucus L.) germplasm collection representing 7 of the 9 major world Sambucus species. The priority emphasis of the collection is to maintain diverse species and edible fruited cultivars. The genebank collection includes about 50 cultivars, including selections for fruit, as well as ornamental gold, purple, and cut-leaf forms. Seed accessions have been obtained during recent USDA plant collection trips to Russian Far East, Republic of Georgia, Armenia, and Japan. The collection includes plant material from about 30 different countries, with the most accessions from the US, Russia, China, Japan, Ukraine, the United Kingdom, and Canada. The primary clonal collection is preserved as plants in a field genebank, with seedlots of wild collected material stored at -20oC, thus preserving species diversity. Horticultural morphological descriptors and phytochemical fruit components for selected American elderberry [Sambucus nigra subsp. canadensis (L.) Bolli] genotypes have been determined. Origin and evaluation information is described on the publicly accessible Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN) database. Orders for limited amounts of propagation material for research purposes can be placed through GRIN.