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ARS Home » Plains Area » Clay Center, Nebraska » U.S. Meat Animal Research Center » Reproduction Research » Research » Publications at this Location » Publication #291355

Research Project: IMPROVING SOW LIFETIME PRODUCTIVITY IN SWINE

Location: Reproduction Research

Title: Lipogenic-associated gene activity of adipose tissue from beef heifers and relation to production and reproductive traits

Author
item Rempel, Lea
item Cushman, Robert - Bob
item McDaneld, Tara
item Miles, Jeremy
item Kuehn, Larry
item Lindholm-Perry, Amanda

Submitted to: Journal of Animal Science Supplement
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: 3/8/2013
Publication Date: 7/8/2013
Citation: Rempel, L.A., Cushman, R.A., McDaneld, T.G., Miles, J.R., Kuehn, L.A., Lindholm-Perry, A.K. 2013. Lipogenic-associated gene activity of adipose tissue from beef heifers and relation to production and reproductive traits. Journal of Animal Science. 91 (E-Supplement 2):466 (Abstract #510).

Interpretive Summary:

Technical Abstract: Transition from adolescence to puberty is marked by changes in metabolic activity. Fatty acid synthase (FASN) catalyzes the de novo synthesis of fatty acids and increased expression has been linked to excess energy intake and obesity. The enzyme, DNA-protein kinase (DNA-PK) plays a role in DNA damage repair, but can also influence transcription of lipogenic genes, including FASN. The objectives of our study were to 1) evaluate the expression of these lipogenic-affiliated genes, FASN and DNA-PK, at one year of age and 2) evaluate their association with production and reproductive traits in crossbred heifers. Subcutaneous adipose tissue was collected at approximately one year of age from 130 crossbred beef heifers. Total RNA was extracted from adipose tissue and reverse transcribed to generate cDNA for real-time PCR. Raw expression data was log transformed and normalized against two housekeeping genes. Relative expression of FASN and DNA-PK were not correlated (P = 0.6148) with each other. The relationship between gene expression and growth and reproductive traits was modeled using a regression analysis with covariates heterosis and breed included. Relative expression of adipose FASN in beef heifers at one year of age had a positive association (P