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ARS Home » Midwest Area » Bowling Green, Kentucky » Food Animal Environmental Systems Research » Research » Publications at this Location » Publication #250020

Title: Properties and Transport Behavior among 12 Different Environmental Escherichia coli

item Bolster, Carl
item Cook, Kimberly - Kim

Submitted to: Environmental Protection Agency
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: 1/26/2010
Publication Date: 1/26/2010
Citation: Bolster, C.H., Cook, K.L. 2010. Properties and Transport Behavior among 12 Different Environmental Escherichia coli. Environmental Protection Agency. EPA meeting Abstract

Interpretive Summary:

Technical Abstract: Escherichia coli is a commonly used indicator organism for detecting the presence of fecal-borne pathogenic microorganisms in water supplies. The importance of E. coli as an indicator organism has led to numerous studies looking at cell properties and transport behavior of this microorganism. In many of these studies, however, only a single strain of E. coli was used even though research has shown a significant amount of genetic variability exists among different strains of E. coli. If this genetic diversity results in differences in cell properties that affect transport, different strains of E. coli may exhibit different rates of transport in the environment. Therefore, the objectives of our study were to investigate the variability in surface characteristics and transport behavior of E. coli isolates obtained from six different sources: beef cattle, dairy cattle, horse, human, poultry, and wildlife. Cell properties such as electrophoretic mobility, cell size and shape, hydrophobicity, charge density, and extracellular polymeric substance composition were measured for each isolate. In addition, the transport behavior of each isolate was assessed by measuring transport through 10-cm packed beds of clean quartz sand. Our results show a large diversity in cell properties and transport behavior for the different E. coli isolates. This diversity in transport behavior must be taken into account when making assessments of the suitability of using E. coli as an indicator organism for specific pathogenic microorganisms in groundwater environments as well as modeling the movement of E. coli in the subsurface.