Location: Children's Nutrition Research CenterTitle: The association of pre-sweetened(PS) or non-PS(NPS) ready to eat cereal(RTEC) or other breakfast(OB) with nutrient intake, diet quailty, and body weight measures of children and adolescents aged 9 to 18 years:NHANES 1999-2002) Author
Submitted to: Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology Conference
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: 12/1/2008
Publication Date: 4/1/2009
Citation: O'Neil, C.E., Zanovec, M.T., Cho, S.S., Nicklas, T.A. 2009. The association of pre-sweetened(PS) or non-PS(NPS) ready to eat cereal(RTEC) or other breakfast(OB) with nutrient intake, diet quailty, and body weight measures of children and adolescents aged 9 to 18 years: NHANES 1999-2002 [abstract]. FASEB J. 23:551.11. Interpretive Summary:
Technical Abstract: The objective of this study was to examine the association of a PS or NPS RTEC or OB with nutrient intake, diet quality, and body weight measures of children aged 9-13 (y) (n=1790) and 14-18y (n=1826) NHANES, 1999-2002. Nutrient intakes, mean adequacy ratios (MAR) (average percentage of the Estimated Average Requirement from 24 hour recalls of 13 vitamin and minerals), and weight of PSRTEC, NPSRTEC, and OB consumers were compared. Means + standard error were generated and regression analysis was performed adjusting for covariates. Breakfast varied by age: for 9-13y vs. 14-18y, 27% and 15% ate PSRTEC; 7% and 5% ate NPSRTEC, and 46% and 47% ate OB. Energy and total/added sugars were highest in PSRTEC; for 9-13y total/added sugars were 30.6% and 21.4% of total energy and for 14-18y total/added sugars were 29.9% and 21.1%, respectively. Total fat was lowest in 9-13y NPSRTEC and 14-18y PSRTEC consumers. Vitamins B6 & B12, thiamin, riboflavin, niacin, and folate were higher in RTEC than OB consumers were. Calcium, potassium, magnesium, iron, and phosphorus were highest in NPSRTEC consumers compared to the two other groups. For both 9-13y and 14-18y, MAR was higher in RTEC than OB consumers were. Body Mass Index (BMI) in OB was higher than that in NPSRTEC for both groups. Nutrient profiles vary depending on the type of breakfast consumed.