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ARS Home » Plains Area » Bushland, Texas » Conservation and Production Research Laboratory » Livestock Nutrient Management Research » Research » Publications at this Location » Publication #216537

Title: Determination of P bioavailability in corn and sorghum distiller's dried grains with solubles for growing pigs

item JENKINS, S.
item Cole, Noel

Submitted to: Joint Meeting of the ADSA, AMSA, ASAS and PSA
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: 7/1/2007
Publication Date: 7/18/2007
Citation: Jenkins, S., Carter, S., Bundy, J., Lachmann, M., Hancock, J.D., Cole, N.A. 2007. Determination of P bioavailability in corn and sorghum distiller's dried grains with solubles for growing pigs[abstract]. In: Abstracts of the 2007 ADSA/ASAS Midwest Meeting, March 19-21, 2007, Des Moines, Iowa. Journal of Animal Science 85 (Suppl 2):113.

Interpretive Summary:

Technical Abstract: A total of 35 barrows (29.6 kg BW) were used in a 34-day study to determine the effects of corn or sorghum distiller’s dried grains with solubles (DDGS) on growth performance, bone trains, and P bioavailability. One corn and three sorghum DDGS were each collected from different processing plants. Pigs were blocked by weight, ancestry, and randomly allotted to one of seven dietary treatments with five pigs/treatment. The basal diet was a fortified corn starch-dextrose-soybean meal diet which was adequate in all nutrients except P. This diet contained 0.SP). Treatments were the basal, the basal plus MSP to provide 0.075 and 0.15% added P, and the basal plus corn DDGS or the three sorghum DDGS to provide 0.15%P. The corn DDGS contained 0.79% P and the three sorghum DDGS contained 0.80, 0.66, a0.69%, respectively. All diets were formulated to 1.05% lysine and 0.70% Ca. Pigs were housed individually with ad libitum access to water and fed at 3.25 times maintenance daily. At the end of the 34-day study, all pigs were killed, the femurs excised, and the feet removed to collect the 3rd and 4th metacarpals and metatarsals. Bone breaking strength was determined and the metacarpals were dried and ashed. Increasing levels of MSP increased (linear, P < 0.04) ADG, ADFI, G:F, P intake. Bone breaking strength (129, 146, 175, 165, 162, 163, 160 kg) was increased (linear, P < 0.01) by MSP and DDGS addition. DDGS had no effect (P > 0.10) on performance or bone traits as compared to the high MSP diet. Also, there were few differences (P >0.10) between corn and sorghum DDGS. Bone strength was regressed on added P intake, and the availability of P was determined based on slope ratio. Bioavailability of P was approximately 77% in corn DDGS and 69, 70, and 64% in the three sorghum DDGS. These results suggest that the bioavailability of P in DDGS is relatively high; however, the bioavailability of P varied among DDGS sources.