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ARS Home » Southeast Area » Florence, South Carolina » Coastal Plain Soil, Water and Plant Conservation Research » Research » Publications at this Location » Publication #211012

Title: Fertilizing cotton with recovered P from swine manure

item Szogi, Ariel
item Bauer, Philip
item Vanotti, Matias

Submitted to: ASA-CSSA-SSSA Annual Meeting Abstracts
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: 9/1/2007
Publication Date: 11/4/2007
Citation: Szogi, A.A., Bauer, P.J., Vanotti, M.B. 2007. Fertilizing cotton with recovered P from swine manure [abstract]. American Society of Agronomy-Crop Science Society of America-Soil Science Society of America Annual Meetings, November 4-8, 2007, New Orleans, Louisiana. 2007 CDROM.

Interpretive Summary:

Technical Abstract: A new treatment technology has been developed to recover soluble P from liquid swine manure. Our objective was to compare P availability and leaching distribution in soils using the recovered P from swine wastewater (31% P2O5) compared with triple superphosphate (46% P2O5) and broiler litter (2.6% P2O5) P sources. A column (15-cm by 76-cm) study was conducted in a greenhouse with Uchee sand (loamy, siliceous, thermic, Arenic Paleudult) soil. Experiments were performed in duplicate; each one with and without cotton plants. The three fertilizer P materials were mixed within the first top 15-cm of the columns at a rate of 0.14 g P per column before planting cotton. Columns were leached with tap water (2.0 liters) weekly for six weeks. At the end of the experiments, cotton plants were analyzed for P concentration. Fertilizing cotton with recovered P resulted in the same plant P concentration as plants fertilized with TSP or broiler litter. Soil P availability (Mehlich 3) was similar for the columns with and without cotton plants. Movement of available soil P below 15-cm depth (above which the fertilizer materials were placed) occurred only for columns with TSP. Available soil P concentrations did not differ among the three P fertilizer materials at depths below 22.5 cm. Results suggest the recovered P from swine waste water can be useful as a readily available P source for cotton, yet it is less prone to leaching than TSP.